Ch 46

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Nursing
Chapter 46
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1

prevention

service

2

care

setting

3

prevention levels

primary- health maintenance

secondary- diagnosis and treatment

tertiary- rehabilitation and palliative

4

health promotion

enabling people to increase control over and to improve their own health

*enable the patient to do it for themselves*

5

Healthcare Settings

primary care- variety of settings physicians office, clinics, community health centers, public health service locations; point of entry and gatekeeping for all other care

secondary care- hospital, outpatient surgical centers, specialist office; most cost effective efficient place of service for non-basic procedures

tertiary care- hospital, rahab center, extended care facility; complicated diagnostic or theraputic procedures

6

Differentiate the three levels of preventative healthcare systems

primary- health maintenance

secondary- diagnosis and treatment

tertiary- rehab and palliative

the difference is the level of service - needed for the patient

7

Outline the factors affecting the delivery of healthcare

  • Changing demographics- (pos) with more diversity more people will become comfortable with seeking help; (neg) when demographics change drastically (race/ethnicities, age, weight, etc) the system has to follow, which can take some time because they're set in place with rules and regulations and the healthcare professionals in them can only learn so quickly
  • Advancing Technology- (pos) easier and less invasive diagnosis, a procedure could go from being inpatient for a week to outpatient; (neg) service could become more costly once technology is upgraded
  • Health Literacy- (pos) organizations are striving to eduacate their jhealtcare professionals to be better with communicating; (neg) if people don't understand what youre talking about they wont follow the instructions to help their ailment
8

Differentiate three common models

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