drugs that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
Condition caused by serious hypersensitivity to a drug may include respiratory or circulatory collapse
Subnormal concentration of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the blood
Agents that reversibly depress neuronal function
Serve constricting pain in the chest, often radiating to the shoulder and down the arm
Substance that tends to nullify the action of another drug
drugs that block the passage of impulses through the parasympathetic nerves
Variations from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat
Condition in which thickening of the wall of blood vessel occurs
drugs that cause expansion of the lumina of the air passages of the lungs
process of blood clotting
Conditions that render the administration of some drugs
diabetes mellitus (DM)
Primarily a disorder of carbohydrates, protein, and fat metabolism
Form of nerve damage that affects the stomach. Food doesn't move through the stomach in a normal way
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
disorder of peripheral nervous system
Drugs of the peripheral nervous system
1. any substance that, when taken into a living organism, may modify one or more of its functions 2. substance used as medicine to aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease.
Presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissue of the body
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Inflammation of the lower esophagus from regurgitation of acid gastric contents
drug name that is usually descriptive of its chemical structure but is not protected as is a trademark name given to the drug when it becomes commercially available.
Localized collection of blood in the tissue resulting from a break in the wall of the blood vessel
Elevations of plasma lipid concentration
persistently high arterial blood pressure
Response to a drug that is not normative to its intended action or side effects
Breathable chemical vapor
diffusion of fluid into a tissue; often used interchangeably with extravasation
agents that promote evacuation of the bowel
microscopic organisms such as bacteria or viruses
Drugs, natural or synthetic, that have pain relief activity, example being morphine
Disease of bone that leads to an increased risk for fracture
not through the gastrointestinal tract but by injection
Degenerative neurological disease of the brain that impairs motor skills, speech, and other functions
the waves of contraction that propel contents through the gastrointestinal tract
person who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
study of the metabolism and action of drugs with particular emphasis on the time required for absorption, duration of action, distribution in the body, and method of excretion
Study of drugs concerned with the origin, nature, effects, and uses
state of adaptation exhibited by a withdrawal syndrome specific to a class of drugs and that may be produced by abrupt cessation
Chronic mental disorder characterized by periods of hallucinations and paranoia
condition characterized by profound hypotension and reduced tissue perfusion
consequence other than the one for which a drug is used
pertaining to the art of healing
Conditions involving the partial or complete obstruction of a blood vessel
State of adaptation in response to drug exposure that results in a decrease of one or more of the drugs effects over time
Drugs that cause constriction of the blood vessels
Drugs that cause dilatation of the blood vessels
What does PDR stand for? What is it?
Physicians' Desk Reference, It's an annual publication that contains current product information including the accepted uses, side effects, contraindications, and doses for available drugs. Pages are color coded and list drugs by both their generic and brand names.
What are the three types of names for drugs?
Chemical, generic, and brand name
name given to a drug manufactured by a specific company
name used to indicate a specific generic drug manufactured by several different companies.
What does it mean for a drug to be classification by Action (or function), drug families
Drugs with similar chemical actions Ex: pain relievers-analgesics; high blood pressure meds- anti-hypertensives
Legal Classification of Drugs
prescription/non-prescription (OTC) - vitamins, herbals, dietary supplements
What are dosage forms?
Means by which drugs are delivered to the sites of action within in the body Ex Tablet, capsule, inhalant, suppository, solution, suspension, transdermal patches
What are the four types of pharmacokinetics processes?
Absorption Distribution Metabolism Excretion
movement of a drug from its site of administration into the blood
drug movement from the blood to various tissues and organs of the body
chemical alteration of various substances (liver main organ)
movement of drugs out of the body
How it gets into the circulatory system in order to begin activity
absorption of drug into the body and its travel to the intended site of activity via circulatory system
Behavior of a drug, in relationship to other drugs in the body's system
What are some factors that influence drug action?
Patient age Health status Time of day Emotional state Other drugs in the body Genetic variations Disease state of the body
What are the some drug reactions?
Allergic Idiosyncratic Iatrogenic Anaphylaxis
Occur when the body's immunologic system is hypersensitive to the presence of a drug
Abnormal response to a drug caused by individual genetic differences
produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
What are the different types of sedation drugs? What do they do?
Minimal sedation (anxiolysis) Moderate sedation/analgesia (conscious sedation) Deep sedation/analgesia General anesthesia