Introduction to Radiologic and Imaging Sciences and Patient Care: Principles of Drug Administration Flashcards


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1

Ampule

A small sealed glass container that holds a single dose of parenteral solution

2

Angiocath

Catheter inserted directly into the vein for drug administration

3

Bolus

concentrated mass of pharmaceutical preparation

4

Buccal

Pertaining to the inside of the mouth (cheek)

5

Drop infusion

Infusion of liquid directly into the vein and is used for large volumes of fluid administered.

6

enteral

Within the gastrointestinal tract

7

Extravasation

discharge or escape of fluid from a vessel into the surrounding tissue

8

intradermal

within or between the layers of skin

9

intramuscular

within the muscle tissue

10

intravenous

within a vein

11

intravenous injection

medication that is delivered by intravenous push (rapid delivery) or intravenous infusion (slow drip of medication over a period of time) directly into the vein

12

Parenteral or Parenterally

drug administration by a route other than the GI tract, typically by injection through the skin require aseptic technique

13

rectal

inserted into the rectum

14

subcutaneous

Beneath the skin

15

sublingual

beneath the tongue

16

topical

applied to a certain area of the skin and affecting only the area to which it is applied

17

transdermal

entering through the skin

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venipuncture

puncturing of a vein

19

vial

small glass bottle containing multiple doses of a drug

20

Golden Rules of Drug Administration

Right Drug Right Amount Right Patient Right Time Right Route

21

Three Classes of Administration Routes:

Enteral Ex. Oral, Sublingual, Buccal, Rectal, Vaginal Parenteral Ex. Intradermal, Intramuscular, Subcutaneous, Intravenous Topical Ex. Transdermal

22

What angle does a subcutaneous injection go in?

45 degrees

23

What angle does a intramuscular injection go in?

90 degrees

24

Osmolality

Measurement of the number of particles that can crowd out water molecules in a measured mass of water. Most adverse reactions to contrast result from this.