Introduction to Radiologic and Imaging Sciences and Patient Care: Immobilization Techniques Flashcards


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1

One of the most significant contributing factors to unacceptable image quality. Can result from voluntary and involuntary patient motion.

Motion distortion

2

Contribute to suboptimum image quality.

Positioning inaccuracies

3

Hindrance of an action (movement).

Restraint

4

Immobilization devices

Positioning sponges Sheets Sandbags Velcro straps Head clamps Cervical collar Spine board Splints Stockinettes Tape

5

Allow for increased accuracy by supporting the patient or anatomic area of interest. One of the most common methods of reducing patient motion.

Positioning sponges

6

Stretchable cotton fabric in the shape of a sleeve pulled over a fractured extremity before a plaster cast is applied. Good for immobilizing the upper limbs above and behind the child's head.

Stockinette

7

Useful for positioning and immobilization devices and can be used in a variety of ways.

Sandbags

8

Is a relation of harmony and accord between two persons, as between patient and physician.

Rapport

9

Can be used if injury to the thoracic or lumbar spine is involved, as well as injuries to the pelvis, hips, and lower extremities and when multiple injuries in addition to spinal trauma are present.

Spineboard (backboard)

10

Most often used spinal trauma traction device.

Cervical collar

11

One of the most effective, simple, inexpensive, and reliable method of restraining or immobilizing a child.

Mummy wrap

12

Designed strictly for use in positioning various projections of the skull. They ensure the reduction of voluntary movement on the part of the patient.

Head clamps

13

Commercial restraints. What ages can these restraints accommodate depending on the child's size?

Restraints: Pigg-O-Stat Infant Immobilizer Pedia-Poser Pediatric Positioning Chair Age: 3-4 years

14

Examinations the Pigg-O-Stat and Pedia-Poser Pediatric Positioning Chair are useful for.

Upright chest and abdomen

15

Contour-fitting pad, mold, or sponge with attached Velcro straps for securing the patient.

Restraint board

16

Immobilization device that patient can be rotated 360° into 8 different positions. It is durable and made of radiolucent material. It is also limited to patients up to 1 year old.

Octostop Restraint Board

17

What should you do if a patient has a c-collar on?

DO NOT REMOVE IT. All projections can be produced with the cervical collar in place.

18

Substances or structures not naturally present but of which an authentic image appears on an image.

Artifacts

19

Recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person.

Empathy

20

Inflatable plastic cuff that is slipped over the affected limb and inflated to provide stability for transport.

Inflation/Air Splint

21

Are designed for use on the lower extremities.

Traction splints