Deals with variety of human societies and cultures and examines their similarities and differences.
Human diversity (Cultural diversity)
Establish behaviors of people. Can be for a lifetime and provide comfort.
people now cross borders into other countries to work, go to school, receive medical care, visit, and live.
List the key diversity traits.
Age Ethnicity/national origin Race Gender Sexual orientation Mental ability Physical ability
Play major role in how individuals perceive others.
Process by which people of diverse backgrounds slowly give up their original cultural language and identity and try to merge into another culture (usually the majority). Diminishes the accomplishments, contributions, and values of one culture in favor of those of the mainstream.
The ability of an individual to be able to negotiate competently two or more cultures (the mainstream's culture & their own culture).
U.S. Mainstream Values
-Activity and hard work -Personal achievement and success Individualism -Efficiency and practicality -Affluence, consumerism, and material comfort -Competition -Openness, directness, and being well informed
List the the aging generations (subsets of population).
World War II Baby Boomers (1946-1964) Generation X (1965-1980) Generation Y (1981-1999) Generation Z (2000-present
The most significant subset, because of the impact they will have on the population. This subset is considered to be generally healthy and well educated.
Relates to a person's distinctive racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural heritage.
Defined as possessing a set of attitudes, behaviors, and policies that come together in a system, or among individuals, that enable effective interactions in a cross-cultural framework.
Five elements that contribute to becoming culturally competent.
Value diversity Develop capacity for cultural self-assessment Become aware of dynamics of cross-cultural interaction Institutionalize cultural knowledge Develop adaptations of service delivery that reflects an understanding of a multicultural environment
To provide high-quality and effective care for all patients, health care providers need to understand the following six areas of human cultural diversity and how these areas influence the delivery of care.
Communication Space Time Environmental control Biologic variations Social organizations