Introduction to Radiologic and Imaging Sciences and Patient Care: Professional Ethics Flashcards


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1

Generally accepted criteria that serve to differentiate a profession from other occupations or trades

Professional Ethic

2

deals with the "rightness and wrongness" of an act or behavior as compared with natural reason. Combination of societal laws and values.

Ethics

3

Ethical reflections that emphasize an intimate personal relationship value system that includes such virtues as sympathy, compassion, fidelity, discernment, and love.

Ethics of Care

4

Sources for Ethical Attitudes.

Science Culture Religion Experience

5

defined by laws, rules and regulations, ordinances, and so on.

Societal behavior

6

Practice behaviors that are defined by members of a profession.

Standards of Professional Conduct

7

Defined by two distinct documents, professional Standards of Conduct and Scope of Practice. Establishes norms for professional conduct.

Professional behavior

8

Manners and attitudes generally accepted by members of a profession.

Professional Etiquette

9

Regulations established by government and applicable to people within a certain political subdivision. Can be limiting and are not comprehensive in controlling all possible behaviors. Can be politically motivated and applied unequally.

Laws

10

Laws need _________ and ______________

enforcement and authority

11

Rights of individuals or groups that are established and guaranteed by law.

Legal Rights

12

Basis for rights-based ethical theory; each individual is protected and allowed to pursue personal projects.

Liberal Individualism

13

Generally accepted customs, principles, or habits of right living and conduct in a society and the individual's practice in relation to these.

Morals

14

Rights of individuals, or groups that exist separately from governmental or institutional guarantees; usually asserted based on moral principles or rules.

Moral Rights

15

General, universal guides to action that are derived from so-called basic moral truths that should be respected unless a morally compelling reason exists not to do so; also referred to as ethical principles.

Moral Principles

16

Articulated statement of role morality as seen by the members of a profession.

Code of Ethics

17

ARRT's mandatory standards of minimally acceptable professional conduct. These are enforcable and can result in sanctions should the ARRT determine the certificate holder has violated any of the rules

Rules of Ethics

18

The ARRT Code of Ethics is composed of two parts. What are these two parts and what do they deal with?

Part A - deals with behaviors a professional should aspire to achieve Part B - deals with mandatory rules of acceptable professional conduct

19

typically static and slow to change in order to reflect changing societal trends and values.

Ethical codes

20

Situations requiring moral judgement between two or more equally problem-fraught alternatives; two or more competing moral norms are present, creating a challenge about what to do. occur when the correct choice is not clear and personal values may conflict.

Ethical Dilemmas

21

Ethical Analysis steps

Identification of the problem Developing alternative solutions Selecting the best solution Defending the selection

22

Bodies of systematically related moral principles used to resolve ethical dilemmas

Ethical Theories

23

List Ethical Theories.

Consequentialism Nonconsequentialism Social Contracts Rights-based ethics Principle-based ethics Virtue-based ethics

24

Belief that the worth of actions is determined by their ends or consequences; actions are right or wrong according to the balance of their good and bad consequences.

Consequentialism

25

Belief that actions themselves, rather than consequences, determine the worth of actions; actions are right or wrong according to the morality of the acts themselves.

Nonconsequentialism

26

Relationship that exists when two mutually dependent groups in a society recognize certain expectations of each other and conduct their affairs accordingly.

Social contract

27

Collection or set of values that an individual or group has as each person's personal guide.

Value system

28

based on an understanding of human rights (right to health care, rights of health professions)

Rights-based ethics

29

use of moral principles as a basis for defending a chosen path of action in resolving and ethical dilemma

Principle-based ethics

30

Belief system based on a set of moral principles that are embedded in a common morality.

Principlism

31

Traits of character that are socially valued, such as courage.

Virtues

32

use of virtues in establishing right reason in action

Virtue-based ethics

33

__________ and __________ form the framework of Virtue-based ethics.

Character Virtue

34

List the basic ethical principles.

Beneficence Nonmaleficence Autonomy Veracity Fidelity Justice

35

Perform actions that benefit others. Decide and act always to benefit the patient. bringing about good

Beneficence

36

Above all do no harm. Never perform or allow acts that may harm the patient. preventing harm

Nonmaleficence

37

Perform actions that respect the independence of other persons. The patient must decide what is done to his or her person. acting with personal self reliance

Autonomy

38

Being truthful is right To tell the truth is expected. telling the truth

Veracity

39

Performing acts that observe covenants or promises is right. Be faithful

Fidelity

40

Performing acts that ensure the fair distribution of goods and harm are right. Be fair or equity

Justice

41

List the different Professional relationships.

Toward patients Toward physicians Toward co-workers/other health care providers

42

How to avoid Ethical conflicts.

Understand some situations are unavoidable Clearly understand the right/wrong thing to do Choose right thing to do When unsure, research professional standards of conduct and ethical principles as a guide

43

Gross violation of commonly held standards of decency or human rights.

Ethical Outrage