Chapter 35/36 Quiz Study

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Review concepts for combined Ch 35/36 Quiz 22Q
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1

Disease Prevention

Provide pt with info about disease prevention

Ex: hygiene practices, recommended vaccines, nicotine cessation

2

Health Maintenance

Provide pt with info about routine screenings and show how to do self-exams

Ex: foot, breast and oral self-exams

3

Diagnostic tests

Instruct pt prior to test include special preparations

Ex: fasting, bowel cleansing prep

4

Treatment Plans

Instruct pt on home-care & F/U as ordered by the provider

-helps increase pt compliance

Ex: self-management of diseases - testing blood sugar etc.

5

Community Resources

Identified by asking questions

low cost medications, food banks, transportation, medical supplies, assisted living

6

Coaching Patients

-remember pts are individuals and consider:

Developmental level, cultural diversity, communication barriers

7

Patient Navigator

also known as patient advocates, guide chronically ill patients through the healthcare system

8

Patient Navigator (def)

a person who identifies patients barriers works closely with the healthcare team and patients, guides patients through healthcare system

9

Carbohydrates

used for energy and to regulate protein and fat metabolism

10

Insulin

helps move glucose out of the bloodstream and into cells

11

Glucagon

works on the liver to release stored glycogen

12

Fiber

body does not digest-does raise glucose levels

13

Soluble Fiber

dissolves in water and forms a gel-like substance/softens stool/slows absorption of stool and binds to fatty acids

14

Insoluble fiber

bulks up the stool and used to prevent constipation

15

Soluble Fiber (ex)

legumes, oats, barley, fruits (apples, avocados, and citrus), carrots and psyllium

16

Insoluble fiber (ex)

Whole grains, vegetables, nuts and seeds, popcorn and prunes

17

Protein (amino acids)

broken down into amino acids, can be used as a source of energy in the absence of carbohydrates to do the following:

break down food, grow and repair body tissue, perform other functions

18

Fat

body uses for the following:

source of energy, healthy skin and hair, vitamin absorption A, D, E and K

insulation (cushion for organs)

19

Minerals

naturally occuring inorganic substances

Ex: iron, zinc, calcium

20

Calcium

Major Mineral

for healthy teeth and bones, muscle and nerve function, blood clotting, bp regulation, immune system

21

Potassium

Major Mineral

for proper muscle and nerve function, fluid balance

22

Trace minerals

Iron and Zinc

23

Antioxidants

Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and selenium

24

Water

makes up more than 85% of the body

is used to keep the body temperature normal

is used to lubricate and cushion joints

25

Dietary Supplements

include vitamins and minerals

provide nutrients that are not obtained in our diet

include amino acids and herbs

26

Weight Control diets recommend

A reduction of 500 to 1000 calories a day will cause a 1 to 2-pound weight loss per week

Eat foods low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol

Eat lean meats, fish, and poultry

Eat fruits, vegetables, and whole grains

27

Diabetic diet

monitor carbohydrate intake

28

Hypertension & Cardiovascular diets

low sodium

29

Food Allergens

Most common egg, tree nuts, peanuts

30

Elimination diet

for food allergies

31

Celiac Disease diet

gluten-free

Avoid these foods: Barley and Malt products, Whole-wheat bread, Triticale (wheat and rye crossbred hybrid) and wheat

32

Gluten

Protein found in wheat, barley and rye

33

Lactose-intolerance

treatment includes avoiding milk products or using an oral enzyme

Not an allergy, it is a sensitivity.

34

Cancer patients, diet recommendations

soft bland diet, small frequent meals that are high in protein and calories, drink liquids between meals

Limit caffeine and alcohol with mouth sores