Renaissance Flashcards


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1

Renaissance

n. a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world. "The Renaissance was a movement that started in Italy."

2

Humanism

n. a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements. "The study of classical texts led to humanism."

3

Secular

adj. concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters. "The basic spirit of Renaissance society was secular."

4

Patron

n. a person who supports artists, especially financially. "They became patrons of the arts by financially supporting artists."

5

Perspective

n. an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface. "Renaissance painters used the technique of perspective."

6

Vernacular

n. the everyday language of people in a region or country "He wrote in the vernacular, instead of Latin."

7

Utopia

n. an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book Utopia-hence, an ideal place. "In Greek, Utopia means "no place."

8

William Shakespeare

n. the most famous writer of the Elizabethan Age. "Many people regard William Shakespeare as the greatest playwright of all time."

9

Johann Gutenberg

n. a craftsman from Mainz, Germany, developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way. "Johann Gutenberg improved the process of producing books."

10

Indulgence

n. a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin. "Indulgences were not supposed to affect God's right to judge."

11

Reformation

n. a 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority. "Reformation led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope's authority."

12

Lutheran

n. a member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther. "Luther and his followers became a separate religious group called Lutherans."

13

Protestant

n. a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation. "These protesting princes came to be known as Protestants."

14

Peace of Augsburg

n. a 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler. "The famous religious settlement became known as the Peace of Augsburg."

15

Annul

v. to cancel or set aside. "The pope could annul Henry's marriage."

16

Anglican

adj. relating to the Church of England "Elizabeth was head of the Anglican Church."

17

Predestination

n. the doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved. "Predestination is the doctrine that God chooses few to save."

18

Calvinism

n. a body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin. "The religion based of the teachings of John Calvin is called Calvinism."

19

Theocracy

n. 1. a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure. 2. a government controlled by religious leaders. "Calvin believed the ideal government was a theocracy."

20

Presbyterian

n. a member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox. "Followers of Knox became Presbyterians."

21

Anabaptist

n. in the Reformation, a member of a Protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and believed in the separation of church and state. "Anabaptist comes from a Greek word meaning baptize again."

22

Catholic Reformation

n. a 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation. "Historians once referred the Catholic Reformation as the Counter Reformation."

23

Jesuits

n. members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola. "Jesuits focused on three activities."

24

Council of Trent

n. a meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers. "At the Council of Trent Catholic bishops and cardinals agreed on several doctrines."