Biology Study Guide Test 4
List the non-vascular plants: ___________, _________, ___________.
Moss, Hornworts, Liverworts
What name do we give to all of the non-vascular plants? (These all depend on water for reproducing)
____________, which are low-lying non-vascular plants, can be found in forests, in rotting logs, in stone walls, and in shady cracks on the ground.
The moss known as ____________, forms peat moss which can be used as a source of fuel. It is also used to improve moisture of soil.
The ____________ belong to a special group of plants that do have vascular but do not produce seeds. They produce spores to fertilize "eggs".
Vascular tissue is composed of ______________ tissue which conducts water and minerals. It is also composed of __________ tissue which conducts sugars from one part of the plant to another.
The most plentiful plants in the biosphere are the _______ ____________.
Name three parts of a seed:
Seed, coat, sporophyte embryo, stored food
Describe how does pollination occur:
Flowers that have Male reproductive parts are called Stamens that produces a sticky powder called pollen. Flowers that have the female reproductive parts called a pistil needs to be pollinated by pollen that is moved from stamen today stigma.
What is a cycad?
An ancient group of gymnosperms. They are used as landscape plants in tropical climates.
Ancient plants which possess naked seeds. The ovule and seeds are exposed to the surface of a cone , which is a modified seed.
List 5 examples of gymnosperms:
Pines, sprices, firs, cedar, hemlock, redwood.
Name the tallest living vascular plant:
This substance protects the leaves of conifers from insects: _________
Give another name for angiosperms: ___________ _____________.
What does the name "angiosperm" mean?
List three parts of a male flower:
Anther, stamen, filament
List three parts of a female flower:
Ovary, style, stigma
Name 5 flower pollinators:
Bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, bats, wasp, moths.
List 4 methods of dispersal of seeds:
Wind, gravity, water, animals
Name five examples of products we obtain from plants:
Corn, wheat, rice, cotton, apples
List and define 3 plant tissues:
Epidermal tissue: Forms the outer protective covering of a
Ground tissue: Fills the interior of a plant and helps carry out functions of a particular organ.
Vascular tissue: Transports water and nutrients in a plant and provides support.
This substance obtained from plants is used to make paper:
Name the 5 main parts of monocots and of dicots plants:
Seed, root, stem, leaf, flower
State yes or no to indicate whether the following plants do exist:
- Mandrake roots: yes
- Swif taylor stems:no
Giant hogweed leaves: yes
Grande arianas: no
- Cuckoopint leaves: yes
- Deadly nightshade berries: yes
Explain what is a deciduous plants:
It is when trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally (More common in fall) and shedding of other plant structure such as pedals after flowering or fruit when ripe.
In which specific leaf tissue does photosynthesis occur?
In which structure of a leaf does photosynthesis occur?
What opening in the leaf allows exchange of gases?
Broad name of plants that do not have a woody stem:
Define transpiration and specify in which structure of a plant it occurs.
Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from the leaves and stems of plants, stomata.