PHA 340 Vocabulary- Test 1

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1

Syndrome

Collection of signs and symptoms that frequently occur together and reflect a disease or condition

2

Symptoms

What is experienced by the patient

objective: swelling

subjective: headache

3

Signs

What is detected/ measured by an examiner

objective: a mass, blood pressure

4

Diagnosis

Determination of a disease

5

Prognosis

The probable outcome that is determined by the health of the patient at the time

6

Therapeutics

Methods and treatments of healing illness and injury

Ex: surgery, radiation, gene, immunological

7

Pharmacology

Drug action on biological systems

8

Pharmacokinetics

How the body will handle and eliminate the drug

9

Pharmacodynamics

How the drug effects the body

10

Pharmacotherapy

Drugs used to treat disease or injury

11

Chemotherapy

Pharmaceutical agents that eradicate foreign or proliferating cells or organisms

12

Teratogens

A substance that adversely affects fetal development

13

Disease

The inability to maintain homeostasis

(the abnormal functioning of cells or damage to cells form the basis of disease)

14

Etiology

The cause of origin of a disease

15

Acquired Disease

A disease not present at birth

(Ex: STIs, AIDS)

16

Idiopathic Disease

There are unknown causes of the disease

(Ex: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)

17

Congenital Disease

A disease that is present at birth

(Ex: spina bifida, fetal alcohol syndrome)

18

Genetic Disease

Mutations or variations in DNA

19

Chromosomal Disease

abnormalities in chromosomes

(Ex: structural or numeric)

20

Monogenic/ Mendelian

  • autosomal dominant
  • autosomal recessive
  • X-linked
21

Autosome

Any chromosome that is NOT a sex chromosome

(We have 22 pairs - or 44 chromosomes in our bodies)

22

Autosomal Dominant

heritable mutation in one gene (monogenic) or DNA that can lead to a genetic disorder

(Ex: Huntington's Disease)