Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology: Child Psychopathology Exam 1 Flashcards


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College: Fourth year
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1

Abnormal behavior

behavior that deviates from the average; can be harmful or simply atypical

2

Gender standards

Expectations of being male or female; Gender differences of importance exist in timing, developmental change, and the expression of problems

3

Situational standards

what is expected in specific settings or social situations

4

Developmental standards

based on developmental norms like typical milestones or rates of growth

5

Gender and rates of behavior disorders

Females often referred for emotional disorders, males for neurodevelopmental disorders

6

Somatogenesis

"a mental disorder that is attributed to bodily malfunction imbalance"

7

Syndrome

a cluster of similar symptoms

8

Law of Effect

Thorndike, behavior is shaped by consequences

9

Freud vs. Watson vs. Thorndike

Freud = psychoanalysis; Watson = classical conditioning; Thorndike = Law of effect

10

Kraeplin

developed a classification system using biological bases for disorders (syndromes)

11

Therapeutic Alliance

construct refers to the collaborative aspect of the relationship between therapist and client(s) in the context of psychotherapy

12

Perspective vs Theory vs Model

Perspective - a viewpoint, Theory - a set of principles, models - samples to conceptualize cases

13

Fields incorporated into Developmental Psychopathology

developmental psych, clinical psych, and psychiatry, as well as biological sciences, sociology, and philosophy

14

Views on human development

Change over lifespan, ongoing, variable

15

Types of Adaptation

stable adaptation, stable maladaptation, reversal of maladaptation, decline of adaptation, temporal maladaptation

16

Risk factors

multiple risks, nonspecific effects, intensity duration and timing, onset vs persistence, impact on likelihood of future risks

17

Equifinality

multiple paths lead to same outcome

18

Multifinality

one particular experience can lead to different outcomes

19

Normative vs Non-normative influences

common influences versus uncommon influences

20

Resiliency

a relatively positive outcome in the face of adversity

21

How child behavior problems impact adult development

early attachment styles effect future relationships and impact the risk of later problems

22

Heterotypic Continuity vs. Homotypic Continuity

"symptoms change with development" versus "a disorder whose symptoms are stable throughout the lifespan"

23

Goodness-of-it/Temperament/Self-regulation

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24

3 components of emotion and impact on perceptions

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25

Social cognitive processing

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26

Neurons

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27

Major neurotransmitters

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28

Teratogens

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29

Prenatal Influences

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30

Perinatal Influences

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31

Postnatal Influences

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32

Genetic Code

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33

Transference vs. Transmission

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34

Heritability

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35

Molecular genetics research methods

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36

5 Premises associated with developmental child psychopathology

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37

Differences between gene-environment interaction and gene-environment correlation

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