Nutrition Chaptter 3
A _____ is a group of cells that work together to perform a specific function?
For this turnover of substances to occur, ________require a continuous supply of energy derived from dietary carbohydrate, protein, and/or fat. Cells also need water; building supplies, especially protein and minerals; and chemical regulators, such as the vitamins. Almost all cells also need a steady supply of oxygen.
Lipase is an enzyme that digests
digestive enzymes are very specific with regard to the
1. pH of the environment in which they function
2. type of chemical reaction they catalyze
3. vitamin or mineral cofactors they require to function
regulates metabolism through the actions of hormones
Transports nutrients, waste products, gases, and hormones throughout the body and plays a role in the immune response and the regulation of body temperature.
Removes foreign substances from the blood and lymph, combats disease, maintains tissue fluid balance, and aids in fat absorption.
Removes waste products from the circulatory system and regulates the acidity, chemical composition, and water content of the blood
Detects sensations , controls psychological and intellectual functions
The order of digestive organs as they come in contact with food
Energy for chemical reactions in the cell can be derived from ?
proteins, fats and carbohydrates
The kidneys bladder and ureter make up the
muscle & liver
Heartburn does not involve the heart at all it is a pain in the chest caused by
a reflux of highly acidic stomach contents into the esophagus.
a deficiency of ____f_____is likely to impair immune functions
protein, vitamin A and zinc
Dana reports abdominal pain, bloating, gas after eating especially meals high in fat she probably has
Levels of organization from least to complex
Regular use of _______may cause constipation
What are typical causes of diarrhea
poorly absorbed food substances
transmit the genetic code from the nucleus to the sites of protein synthesis within the cell
stores genetic code to the nucleus
Which of the following cell components are organelles?
mitochondria / lysosomes
The initial goal of diet therapy for diarrhea is to provide
fluids and electrolytes
Name one of the primary taste sensation
the kidney and lungs work cooperatively to
maintain acid- base balance