1.3 Organization of the Brain

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1

what are the main functions of the Hindbrain?

  • controls balance
  • motor coordination
  • breathing
  • digestion
  • general arousal processes such as sleeping and waking
  • "vital functioning"
2

what are the main functions of the Midbrain?

  • receives sensory and motor info from the rest of the body
  • involuntary reflexes to visual and auditory stimuli
3

what are the main functions of the Forebrain?

  • complex perceptual, cognitive, and behavioral processes
  • emotion and memory
4

What are some of the methods used for mapping the brain?

  • human Pt w/ brain lesion
  • extirpation/ablation in lab animals
  • stimulating and recording brain activities and creating cortical maps
  • detecting/recording electrical activities using the electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF)
5

What structures surround and protect the brain?

Skin>periosteum>bone>meninges (dura>arachnoid>pia mater)