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created 5 months ago by djones01
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destiny
updated 5 months ago by djones01
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1

evisceration

displacement of an organ outside the body

2

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

3

kehr sign

left shoulder pain that may indicate a ruptured spleen

4

retroperitoneal space

area in the abdomen that contains the aorta, vena cava, pancreas, kidneys, ureters, and portions of the duodenum and large intestine

5

somatic pain

localized pain, usually felt deeply, that represents irritation or injury to tissue causing activation of peripheral nerve tracts

6

visceral pain

crampy, aching pain deep within the body, the source of which is usually difficult to pinpoint

7

atelectasis

alveolar collapse prevents use of that portion of the lungs for ventilation and oxygenation

8

cardiac tamponade

a condition in which the atria and right ventricle are collapsed by a collection of blood or other fluid within the pericardial sac resulting in diminished cardiac output

9

commotio cordis

an event in which an often fatal cardiac dysrhythmia is produced by a sudden blow to the thoracic cavity

10

exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyes from the normal position within the socket

11

myocardial contusion

blunt force injury to the heart that results in capillary damage, interstitial bleeding and cellular damage in the area.

12

myocardial rupture

an acute traumatic perforation of the ventricles, atria, intraventricular septum, intra-atrial septum, chordae, papillary muscles or valves

13

pulsus paradoxus

a drop in the systolic BP of 10 mm Hg more than during inhalation. Commonly seen in cardiac tamponade

14

traumatic asphyxia

a pattern of injuries seen after a severe force is applied to the thorax, forcing blood from the great vessels and back into the head and neck

15

trismus

clenched teeth

16

subluxation

partial dislocation

17

subdural hematoma

an accumulation of blood beneath the dura but outside the brain

18

subarachnoid hemorrhage

bleeding into the subarachnoid space where the CSF circulates

19

strain

stretching or tearing of muscle or tendons

20

sprain

stretching or tearing of ligaments

21

retrograde amnesia

loss of memory of events that occurred before the injury

22

periorbital ecchymosis

raccoon eyes

common finding in basilar skull fracture

23

proprioception

ability to perceive the position and movement of one's body or limbs

24

pia mater

innermost and thinnest meninges that enclose the brain and spinal cord.

rests directly on the brain and spinal cord

25

petechial hemorrhage

pinpoint red dot in the sclera of the eye

26

parietal lobe

portion of the brain that receives and evaluates most sensory information. except smell, hearing, and vision

27

occipital lobe

portion of the brain responsible for processing visual information

28

neuronal soma

body of a neuron (nerve cell)

29

myotome

a region of the body innervated by the motor components of spinal nerves

30

meninges

a set of three tough membranes that enclose the entire brain and spinal cord

31

mean arterial pressure (MAP)

the average (or mean) pressure against the arterial wall during a cardiac cycle

32

linear skull fracture

fracture that usually occurs in the temporal-parietal region of the skull

not associated with skull deformity

aka nondisplaced skull fracture

33

intracerebral hematoma

bleeding within the brain tissue itself

34

hyperpyrexia

high body temperature

35

hyperextension

extension of a limb or other body part beyond its normal range of motion

36

hyperesthesia

hyperacute pain to touch

37

frontal lobe

portion of the brain that is important in voluntary motor actions and personality traits

38

flexion injury

injury that results from forward movement of the head

39

epidural hematoma

accumulation of blood between the skull and dura

40

dura mater

outermost layer of the meninges that enclose the brain and spinal cord, the toughest layer

41

dermatome

area of the body innervated by sensor components of the spinal nerves

42

depressed skull fracture

fracutre caused by high energy direct trauma applied to a small surface area of the skull with a blunt object.

bony fragments are commonly driven into the brain

43

decorticate posturing

flexor posturing

44

decorticate posturing

abnormal posture characterized by flexion of the arms and extension of the legs

45

decerebrate posturing

extensor posturing

46

decerebrate posturing

abnormal posture characterized by extension of the arms and legs

47

cushing triad

hypertenstion (narrowing pulse pressure)

bradycardia

irregular respirations

48

cushing triad

associated with increased ICP

49

cheyne stokes respirations

gradually increasing rate and depth of respirations followed by a gradual decrease with intermittent periods of apnea

associated with brainstem insult

50

cerebrum

largest portion of the brain

responsible for higher functions such as reasoning

51

cerebral cortex

largest portion of the cerebrum that regulates voluntary skeletal movement and a persons level of awareness.

part of consciousness

52

cerebral contusion

focal brain injury in which brain tissue is bruised and damaged in a defined area.

53

cerebral concussion

injury that occurs when the brain is jarred around in the skull

mild diffuse brain injury that does not result in structural damage or permanent neurologic impairment

54

cerebellum

brain region essential in coordinating muscle movements in the body

aka athletes brain

55

central cord syndrome

a condition resulting from hyperextension injuries to the cervical area that damage the dorsal column of the spinal cord

findings:greater loss of function in the upper extremities, hemorrhage, edema, variable sensory loss of pain and temperature

56

cauda equina syndrome

neurologic condition caused by compression of the bundle of nerve roots located at the end of the spinal cord

57

cauda equina

location where the spinal cord seperates

composed of nerve roots

58

brown sequard syndrome

condition associated with penetrating trauma and characterized by hemisection of the spinal cord and complete damage to all spinal tracts on the involved side.

59

brainstem

midbrain, pons, medulla

60

biot (ataxic) respirations

irregular pattern, rate, and depth of respirations with intermittent periods of apnea

result from increased ICP

61

babinski reflex

upward movement of the toes in response to stimulation to the sole of the foot.

normally toes move downward

62

axon

long slender extension of a neuron (nerve cell) that conducts electrical impulses away from the neuronal soma

63

autoregulation

increase in MAP to compensate for decreased cerebral perfusion pressure

compensatory response to shunt blood to the brain and presents as hypertension

64

arachnoid

middle membrane of the three meninges that enclose the brain and spinal cord

65

anterograde amnesia

loss of memory of events that occurred after the injury

66

abrasion

injury in which a portion of the body is denuded of the epidermis by scraping or rubbing

67

amputation

an injury in which part of the body is completely or partially severed

68

avulsion

an injury that leaves a piece of skin or other tissue partially or completely torn away from the body

69

chemotactic factors

the factors that cause cells to migrate into an area

70

collagen

protein that gives tensile strength to the connective tissues of the body

71

contusion

a bruise

an injury that causes bleeding beneath the skin but does not break the skin

72

degloving

a traumatic injury that results in the soft tissue of a part of the body being drawn downward like a glove being removed

73

dermis

the inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicle roots, sweat glands, blood vessels, nerve endings and sebaceous glands

74

desquamation

the continual shedding of the dead cells on the surface of the skin

75

ecchymosis

extravastation of blood under the skin to produce a black and blue mark

76

epidermis

outermost layer of the skin

77

erythema

reddening of the skin

78

hematoma

a localized collection of blood in the soft tissues as a result of injury or a broken blood vessel

79

hypertrophic scar

an abnormal scar with excess collagen that does not extend over the wound margins

80

keloid scar

an abnormal scar commonly found in people with darkly pigmented skin. it extends over wound margins

81

myositis

inflammation of the muscle usually caused by infection

82

neovascularization

development of new blood vessels to aid in healing injured soft tissue

83

paronychia

infection of the area around the finger nail bed

84

pedicle

a narrow strip of tissue by which an avulsed piece of tissue remains connected to the body

85

phagocytosis

process in which one cell eats or engulfs a foreign substance to destroy it