AAD CH 14

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1

More college students than in past generations __________.

C) change majors as they explore career options

2

Barry, a 21-year-old college student, has spent a lot of time exploring the breadth of his career options
and has not yet made a commitment to a major. Johanna, age 20, committed to an engineering

D) Johanna scores higher than Barry in emotional and social adjustment.

3

Today’s emerging adults __________.

B) have a stronger pluralistic orientation than young people in previous generations

4

Which of the following 22-year-olds is the most likely to experience emerging adulthood?

B) Percy, a high-SES male in the United Kingdom

5

Which statement accurately reflects a criticism of the concept of emerging adulthood?

A) The term emerging adulthood fails to describe the experience of most of the world’s youths.

6

__________ parenting in particular is linked to emerging adults’ psychological well-being.

C) Autonomy-supportive

7

According to Erikson, the psychological conflict of early adulthood is __________.

D) intimacy versus isolation

8

Erikson believed that successful resolution of intimacy versus isolation prepares the individual for the middle adulthood stage, which focuses on __________.

C) generativity

9

According to Levinson, of the many components of the __________, usually only a few, relating to
family, close friendships, and occupation, are central.

D) life structure

10

Levinson found that during the transition to early adulthood, most young people __________.

B) constructed a dream that guided their decision making

11

According to Levinson, which statement about gender differences in dreams is true?

D) Most career-oriented women have “split dreams” involving both marriage and career.

12

When Paul started his job, he developed a close relationship with Richard, a senior colleague. Richard
helped Paul succeed in his job, and with Richard’s help, Paul was quickly promoted. According to
Levinson, Richard __________.

C) acted as a mentor to Paul

13

According to Levinson, a second transition occurs around age __________.

C) 30

14

According to Vaillant, men focus on __________ in their twenties.

A) intimacy concerns

15

According to Vaillant, men become “keepers of meaning,” or guardians of their culture, in their
__________.

C) fifties and sixties

16

Among economically better-off young people, __________ occurs much __________ in the lifespan
than it did a generation or two ago.

C) marrying; later

17

Following a social clock of some kind seems to foster __________.

D) social stability

18

Which statement is true about mate selection?

B) Little support exists for the idea that “opposites attract.”

19

Robert Sternberg’s triangular theory of love identifies __________ as three components that shift in
emphasis as romantic relationships develop.

A) passion, intimacy, and commitment

20

__________ love is strong at the beginning of a relationship.

C) Passionate

21

Adrian developed a secure attachment to his parents when he was a child. Adrian probably
characterizes his most important adult love relationship in terms of __________.

D) trust, happiness, and friendship

22

Gloria’s marriage was riddled with jealousy, emotional highs and lows, and desperation about whether
her husband returned her affection. Though she offered support to her husband, Gloria did so in ways that
poorly fit his needs. Based on this information, it is likely that Gloria has a(n) __________ attachment
history.

C) resistant

23

Sal and Sadie have been married for 40 years. When asked to compare their current relationship to
when they were newlyweds, they are most likely to say that __________.

B) they love each other more now than they did earlier

24

In the transformation from a passionate to a companionate and compassionate bond, __________ may
be the aspect of love that determines whether a relationship survives.

B) commitment

25

Compared with women, men __________.

C) offer less helpful support in their close relationships

26

Which individual is the most likely to report lower-quality and less enduring love relationships?

D) Lionel, a gay man who harbors negative feelings toward homosexuals

27

Which statement is true about perceptions of intimate relationships in Eastern cultures?

D) In choosing a lifelong partner, young people are expected to consider obligations to others.

28

College students of Asian heritage are more likely than their Western counterparts to endorse a view
of love strongly based on __________.

A) companionship

29

In interviews with arranged-marriage couples from diverse countries who reported that their love
gradually grew over time, the contributing factor most often mentioned was __________.

B) commitment

30

Adult friends are usually __________.

D) similar in age, sex, and SES

31

Compared to shorter-term relationships, men in longer lasting friendships __________.

C) disclose more personal information to one another

32

Which statement is true about same-sex friendships?

A) Women generally evaluate same-sex friendships more positively than men do.

33

As young adults develop romantic ties and marry, __________.

B) they direct more of their disclosures toward their partners

34

From the college years through career exploration and settling into work roles, __________.

A) other-sex friendships increase

35

After marriage, other-sex friendships __________.

C) continue to increase for women

36

Which individual probably has the highest number of other-sex friends?

B) Melina, an employed female chemist

37

Which siblings are most likely to become more frequent companions as they get older and marry?

D) sisters Navaeh and Jada

38

In families with five to ten siblings, __________.

C) close sibling bonds may replace friendships

39

Emma left home to attend college and lived on her own until she got married. As her own children
grew up and left home, Emma’s parenting responsibilities declined. She eventually retired and her
husband died. This series of phases that Emma has experienced is referred to as the __________.

A) family life cycle

40

Within the family life cycle, stress tends to be greatest __________.

D) during transitions between phases

41

Which statement is true about the family life cycle?

D) Some people do not experience all family life-cycle phases.

42

In the United States today, the average age of leaving home __________.

A) resembles the departure age at the beginning of the twentieth century

43

Typical young adults living at home in the United States today __________.

B) are financially dependent on their parents

44

Which individual is the most likely to establish early residential independence?

C) Makayla, whose parents are divorced and combative

45

__________ of U.S. 18- to 25-year-olds return to their parents’ home for brief periods after first
leaving.

B) Slightly over half

46

Which young adult is more likely to live on her own?

C) Julia, a well-off European American

47

Leaving home very early is associated with __________.

D) less successful educational lives

48

Just 16 percent of contemporary U.S. 18- to 29-year-olds __________.

C) are married

49

Which statement is true about attitudes regarding marriage in the United States today?

C) Most U.S. unmarried young adults say they want to marry and have children.

50

At present, 49 percent of U.S. adults __________.

A) live together as married couples

51

__________ young adults are more likely than their counterparts to marry partners of another race or
ethnicity.

C) Highly educated

52

__________ is the most consistent predictor of marital stability.

B) Age at marriage

53

Mike and Carol are married. Mike is the head of the household. He works outside the home as an
architect. Carol devotes herself to caring for Mike and their children and creating a comfortable home.
They have a(n) __________ marriage.

D) traditional

54

In egalitarian marriages, __________.

B) partners share power and authority

55

Most well-educated, career-oriented women expect a(n) __________ marriage.

C) egalitarian

56

Americans Faye and Max met in graduate school and married after they both graduated. They both
work full-time. Which of the following is most likely true?

D) Max puts in about 60 percent of weekly child-care hours that Faye does.

57

Which couple is the most likely to equally share authority and household responsibilities?

C) Courtney and Eleanor, a European-American same-sex couple

58

Which statement is true about marital satisfaction?

When a marriage is distressed, women are more likely than men to express dissatisfaction.

59

In partner abuse studies spanning many countries in which people are asked directly, __________.

A) rates of assault experienced by men and women are similar

60

Many perpetrators treated for partner abuse __________.

D) repeat their violent behavior with the same or a new partner

61

Among U.S. adults age 40 and older, 85 percent of women and 76 percent of men __________.

C) are parents

62

Which woman is more likely to delay parenthood or decide against it altogether?

B) Renée, who has a high-status, demanding job

63

The warm, affectionate relationship and affirmation of one’s adult status are two of the reasons that
many adults cite for choosing to __________.

D) have children

64

One of the most common disadvantages of parenthood cited by contemporary couples is __________.

B) role overload

65

After the birth of a child, gender roles of husband and wife usually __________.

A) become more traditional

66

For most new parents, the arrival of a baby __________.

C) does not cause significant marital strain

67

A second birth typically requires that fathers __________.

C) take an even more active role in parenting

68

In today’s complex world, men and women are __________ than in previous generations.

C) less certain about how to rear children

69

Guadalupe and Julio collaborate in parenting roles, engaging in effective coparenting. Consequently,
they are __________ likely to __________.

B) more; use effective child-rearing practices

70

Which statement is true about parenting young children?

D) Rearing young children is a powerful source of adult development.

71

More people seek family therapy while parenting __________ than during any other phase of the family life cycle.

C) adolescents

72

Fathers frequently turn to __________ to figure out how to relate to their child.

D) their partners

73

Improved family communication, improved parent–child interaction, and social support are all
benefits of __________.

D) parent education courses

74

The rate of never-married Americans age 25 and older has __________ since 1960.

C) more than doubled

75

Men with a high school diploma or less and highly educated women in prestigious careers are
overrepresented among singles after age 30 because __________.

C) women tend to “marry up” and men tend to “marry down”

76

Raymond is a single, African-American, 30-year-old man. Statistically, what is the most likely reason
for his singlehood?

D) unemployment

77

Overall, people over age 35 who have always been single __________.

C) are content with their lives

78

Keisha does not ever plan to marry. If she is like most single people, she will probably go through
stressful periods in her __________ due to societal pressures.

B) early and mid-thirties

79

In Western nations, there has been an especially dramatic rise in cohabitation among __________
young people.

A) well-educated

80

Among U.S. young people, cohabitation is __________.

D) now the preferred mode of entry into a committed intimate partnership

81

While the majority of cohabiting relationships in the United States dissolve at a high rate, __________
cohabiters are exceptions to the high risk for breakup.

B) lesbian and gay

82

Which statement about cohabitation is true?

D) Premarital cohabitation before age 25 is associated with reduced readiness to forge a committed bond.

83

Amos and Wanda never had children. They married in their thirties, and their efforts at fertility
treatments did not succeed. Amos and Wanda are __________.

B) involuntarily childless

84

The voluntarily childless are usually __________.

C) highly educated

85

The recent decline in childlessness is largely due to __________.

A) more educated, career-focused women eventually opting for parenthood

86

Childlessness seems to interfere with adjustment and life satisfaction __________.

B) only when it is beyond a person’s control

87

Divorce rates have declined over the past two decades, partly because __________.

C) of rising age at marriage, which is linked to greater marital satisfaction

88

Most divorces occur __________ marriage.

A) within seven years of

89

During the first few years of second marriages, __________.

D) marital failure is 10 percent above that for first marriages

90

Which statement is true about divorce in the United States?

C) Infidelity and substance abuse are among the strongest predictors of divorce.

91

__________ contribute(s) to the unusually high U.S. divorce rate.

A) American individualism

92

Which statement is true about the consequences of divorce?

B) Despite loneliness and a drop in income, women tend to bounce back more easily from divorce.

93

On average, people __________ within four years of divorce.

A) remarry

94

Which individual is the most likely to establish positive bonds quickly with stepchildren?

B) Wade, a stepfather with children of his own

95

More than half of births to African-American mothers in their twenties are to __________.

C) women without a partner

96

Which statement is true about children of never-married mothers?

D) They are benefited by parental marriage only when the father is a reliable source of support.

97

Research findings indicate that __________.

C) lesbian and gay parents are as committed to and effective as heterosexual parents

98

Overall, children of lesbian and gay parents can be distinguished from other families by __________.

anxiety and depression
C)

99

The economic recession of 2007 to 2009 __________.

A) greatly increased the number of young people in jobs that did not match their educational preparation

100

Sonja, a recent college graduate, just started a job in her chosen field. Which relationship is the most
likely to benefit her career progress?

C) selecting a helpful senior colleague as a mentor

101

Which statement is true about the gender differences in career development?

D) Many women enter and exit the labor market several times, or reduce their work hours to give birth to
and raise children.

102

Women who pursue nontraditional careers __________.

D) usually have “masculine” traits, such as high achievement orientation and self-reliance

103

In traditionally masculine fields, newly hired women whose training is equivalent to that of newly
hired men are __________.

C) nevertheless paid less than men

104

The majority of women with children are __________.

C) in the work force

105

Among large, nationally representative samples of U.S. working adults, employees with several time-
flexible options __________.

A) missed fewer days of work

106

Ellyn and Jesus are a dual-earner couple. They would like to have a better balance between work and
family. Which advice would best help them combine their work and family roles?

B) Both should critically evaluate the time they devote to work in view of their family values and
priorities.