Computer Software and Operating Systems-glossary Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 3 years ago by Renata_SidorukSoƂoducha
246 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

programmer

a person who writes or modifies computer programs or applications

2

execute

to start a program on a computer

3

feature

something a computer program is "supposed" to do; these are often reasons to use a particular program or upgrade to a more recent version

4

bug

an error in a computer program

5

crash

a computer failure due to faulty hardware or a serious software bug

6

terminate

to cause a process or task to stop executing

7

end user

a person who uses a product or service on a computer

8

error

an incorrect action attributable to poor judgment, ignorance, or inattention

9

abort

to end a program or a process before its completion

10

usability

a measure of how easy or efficient a program is to use

11

compatible

capable of being used without modification

12

closed source

software in which the license stipulates that the user cannot see, edit, or manipulate the source code of a software program

13

proprietary

privately developed and owned technology

14

open source

a program in which the code is distributed allowing programmers to alter and change the original software as much as they like

15

restrictions

a rule or law which limits or controls something

16

OS (operating system)

a GUI or CLI software link between the computer and operator; also provides a framework for productivity software such as an office suite, web browser, or programming languages

17

multitasking

concurrent execution of two or more tasks by a processor

18

sign into

enter information related to an account name and its password in order to access a computer resource

19

format

prepare a device to store data, erasing any existing data

20

compression

a method of packing data in order to save disk storage space or download time

21

device driver

software which converts the data from a component or peripheral into data that an operating system can use

22

file permissions

a set of strict rules for controlling read, write, and execute access to a file or directory

23

hidden file

a file which does not appear by default in a directory listing; normally for security reasons or to spare confusion in end users

24

kernel

the fundamental part of an operating system responsible for providing access to the machine's hardware

25

Linux

an open source version of Unix developed by a volunteer team of programmers around the world

26

VM (virtual machine)

a software program which mimics the performance of one or more hardware devices in order to run software independently of the actual hardware

27

CLI (command line interface)

a text-only link between a computer and its operator

28

GUI (graphical user interface)

an icon based link between a computer and its operator

29

sysadmin (system administrator)

a person who maintains a computer server network, including patches, upgrades, and security related duties

30

Unix

an operating system originally developed in 1971 by AT&T Bell Labs that supports multitasking and is ideally suited to multi-user applications such as networking

31

office suite

a collection of integrated productivity programs normally including at least: spreadsheet, word processor, database, and presentation maker.