ICT Flashcards


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created 3 years ago by Renata_SidorukSołoducha
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updated 3 years ago by Renata_SidorukSołoducha
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1

software

is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work.

2

hardware

includes the physical, tangible parts or components of a computer, such as central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard.

3

Peripheral devices

Mouse, Keyboard,Printer, Webcam, Printer,Scanner

4

A central processing unit

central processor or main processor, is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logic, controlling, and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions

5

The byte

is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits

6

The space bar

is a key on a typewriter or alphanumeric keyboard in the form of a horizontal bar in the lowermost row, significantly wider than other keys. Its main purpose is to conveniently enter a space, e.g., between words during typing.

7

Caps Lock

is a button on a computer keyboard that causes all letters of Latin and Cyrillic based scripts to be generated in capital letters.

8

Backspace

is the keyboard key that originally pushed the typewriter carriage one position backwards, and in modern computer systems moves the display cursor one position backwards

9

parts

components

10

Graphics are visual images

are visual images

11

Folder

a virtual container within a digital file system, in which groups of files and other folders can be kept and organized, a.k.a. list of files

12

A computer file

is a computer resource for recording data discreetly in a computer storage device. It can be edited and transferred through the internet on that particular computer system.

13

A screensaver

is a computer program that blanks the screen or fills it with moving images or patterns when the computer is not in use.

14

Random-access memory (RAM /ræm/)

is a form of computer memory that can be read and changed in any order, typically used to store working data and machine code.

15

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive

is an electro-mechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

16

A double-click

is the act of pressing a computer mouse button twice quickly without moving the mouse. It allows two different actions to be associated with the same mouse button

17

An operating system (OS)

is system software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs.

18

background

a wallpaper (also known as a desktop wallpaper, desktop background, desktop picture or desktop image on computers) is a digital image (photo, drawing etc.) used as a decorative background of a graphical user interface on the screen of a computer, smartphone or other electronic devices.

19

computer performance

is the amount of useful work accomplished by a computer system. Outside of specific contexts, it is estimated in terms of accuracy, efficiency and speed of executing computer program instructions.

20

The Control Panel

is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings.