Internet Standards and Fundamentals Vocabulary

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Internet Vocabulary for Web Development
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1

.com

A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs used by business or commercial entities.

2

.org

A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by non-profit entities.

3

.net

A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by network providers.

4

.edu

A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by institutions of higher learning – college, universities, tech schools, etc.

5

.mil

A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by the branches of the military.

6

.html

A file extension for hypertext markup language file.

7

.jpg

or .jpeg

A file extension for images, usually line art and clip art.

8

Absolute URL

Complete internet address that takes one to the exact directory or file of a website. Starts with a protocol (http: https: ftp: etc.) example: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/absolute-URL.html

9

Address

Email address, Internet address, and web address. A code or series of letters, number and/or symbols. Each address is unique.

10

Alt attribute

An HTML attribute added to an image tag that will display specific text. This text appears when you hold your mouse over an image. This text is useful for the visually impaired.

11

Applet

A mini-program that can be downloaded quickly and used by any computer equipped with Java or ActiveX

12

ASP

Application Service Provider

Server-side application used for processing form data.

13

AUP

Acceptable Use Policy

A set of rules that define the ways in which a network may be used.

14

Authentication

To collect information from the user Example: username and password

15

Bandwidth

Used to measure the amount of time it takes for a web page to fully load. Measured in bits per second.

16

Blog

A web site (or section of a web site) where users can post an e-journal entry of their thoughts.

17

Broken Link / Broken Graphic

A link or hyperlink which no longer works when a web page loads, or when it is "clicked on" or does not take the user to the destination it was supposed to.

18

Browser

Software used to view information on the web. Examples: Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer

19

Byte

The basic unit of measurement for computer storage.

20

Cache

Stores the HTML web page’s code as well as any graphics and other page elements.

21

Case Sensitive

Applies to passwords and file names: 
Words with uppercase letters do not always have the same meaning when written in lowercase.

22

Client

A remote computer connected to a host or server. Client also refers to the software that makes this connection possible.

23

CMYK

Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black

These are the four basic design inks. They are used to create a full spectrum of color on a printed or digital page.

24

Commercial Software

Software that is distributed to the public for profit. It is copyrighted by the owner and is bought by the user.

25

Cookie

A text file saved to the computer that identifies users and customizes webpages.

26

Copyright

The legal right that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for use and distribution. Includes computer programs, web art, graphics, photos, web pages, etc.

27

Default

A value, action, or setting that a computer system assumes.

28

Directory

A folder to organize files.

29

Domain Name

The “address” or URL of a particular web site. This is also how you describe the name at the right of the @ sign in an Internet address.

30

Encoding

To format (electronic data) according to a standard format. UTF-8 is the encoding for an English Language keyboard

31

Folder

A container to organize files.

32

Freeware

Software that is distributed at no cost to the user; however, the author maintains the copyright.

33

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

Used to transfer computer files from one host to another.

34

Hexadecimal

A six character value (0-9 and A-F) that represents the amount of red, green, and blue in a color.

35

Home Page

The first web page displayed when visiting a website.

36

Host

A computer that stores and sends requested web pages and other files.

37

Hot Spot

A clickable area on a graphic.

38

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

A markup language that is used to structure text, images, and hyperlinks within web pages.

39

HTML5

The latest version of HTML

40

HTTP

Hypertext Transport Protocol

The transmission standards used to send an HTML document across the web.

41

HTTPS

A web site that uses encrypted transmissions and takes other appropriate measures to ensure the protection of sensitive information such as credit card information.

42

Hyperlink

A “clickable” image or text element on a web page that users select to display another location or page. Also known as a link.

43

Intranet

A secure network within an organization that uses internet technologies to connect its employees and customers through a secure website.

44

IP Address

Internet Protocol Address

A uniquely assigned numeric address for each computer connected to the Internet.

45

ISP

Internet Service Provider

A service company that provides a user with an account on a host-computer having access to the Internet.

46

JavaScript

A code that interacts with HTML code to create dynamic content such as rollovers or interactive elements on a page.

47

LAN

Local Area Network. A group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link to a server.

48

Media

The presentation of information using animation, sound, graphics, and text.

49

Meta Tag

An HTML code that resides in a head section of a web page and includes information about the page, such as keywords, and descriptions.

50

Multimedia

The presentation of information using animation, sound, graphics, and text.

51

Packets

How information travels over a network.

52

Placeholder Text

Text displayed inside an input field when the field is empty. Often in Latin

53

Protocol

The common set of standards and rules ensure that all computers connected to the network have a common ground from which to work.

54

Proxy

A proxy is an object that stands in for a "real" object that is stored in the local Attribute Data Store (ADS). The proxy's proxy:resource URI that is a link to the "real" object. To support a visual representation of a proxy, proxies have optional background color, image and imageType attributes.

55

Public Domain

Software or information with no copyright restrictions.

56

Relative URL

URLs that reference files on the same server within the same directory (folder). Does not contain a protocol (http, https, ftp, etc.)

57

RGB

A color value expressed with three characters that represents the amount of red, green, and blue present in a color.

58

Search Engine

Designed to help a user search for information on the web.

59

Secured Site

A web site that uses encrypted transmissions to protect sensitive information such as credit card information.

60

Server

A host computer on a network.

61

Shareware

Software that can be obtained for free on a trial basis but that may require some payment or registration for continued use.

62

Storyboard

A visual representation of a web site and its pages. It consists of a series of panels that plot the key scenes and illustrate the flow of animation.

63

Tag

The HTML element used to specify text styles, links, graphics, and other HTML element.

64

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

A widely used network communication protocol used on the internet and computer networks.

65

Text Editor or Web Page Editor

(We use NotePad++)

An application program that allows you to manually key HTML commands into a blank document.

66

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

The standard used to identify files on the internet using a complete path to the file.

67

Validation (website)

Validating a website is the process of ensuring that the pages on the website conform to the norms or standards defined by various organizations

68

Verification

The act of reviewing inspecting or testing in order to establish a document that a product service or system meets regulatory or technical standards.

69

Viewer

Special software often needed to view certain multimedia items on the internet (Flash, Acrobat, etc.)

70

WAN

Wide Area Network- An example of WANs are phone lines, radio waves and the internet.

71

WireFrame

A visual representation of a Web site and its pages.

72

WYSIWYG

What You See Is What You Get

Content on screen during editing appears in a form closely to its appearance when displayed.

73

X-HTML

Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

Cleaner and more strict than HTML 4.