Internet Standards and Fundamentals Vocabulary
A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs used by business or commercial entities.
A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by non-profit entities.
A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by network providers.
A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by institutions of higher learning – college, universities, tech schools, etc.
A type of Internet domain assigned to URLs generally used by the branches of the military.
A file extension for hypertext markup language file.
A file extension for images, usually line art and clip art.
Complete internet address that takes one to the exact directory or file of a website. Starts with a protocol (http: https: ftp: etc.) example: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/absolute-URL.html
Email address, Internet address, and web address. A code or series of letters, number and/or symbols. Each address is unique.
An HTML attribute added to an image tag that will display specific text. This text appears when you hold your mouse over an image. This text is useful for the visually impaired.
A mini-program that can be downloaded quickly and used by any computer equipped with Java or ActiveX
Application Service Provider
Server-side application used for processing form data.
Acceptable Use Policy
A set of rules that define the ways in which a network may be used.
To collect information from the user Example: username and password
Used to measure the amount of time it takes for a web page to fully load. Measured in bits per second.
A web site (or section of a web site) where users can post an e-journal entry of their thoughts.
Broken Link / Broken Graphic
A link or hyperlink which no longer works when a web page loads, or when it is "clicked on" or does not take the user to the destination it was supposed to.
Software used to view information on the web. Examples: Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer
The basic unit of measurement for computer storage.
Stores the HTML web page’s code as well as any graphics and other page elements.
Applies to passwords and file names: Words with uppercase letters do not always have the same meaning when written in lowercase.
A remote computer connected to a host or server. Client also refers to the software that makes this connection possible.
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black
These are the four basic design inks. They are used to create a full spectrum of color on a printed or digital page.
Software that is distributed to the public for profit. It is copyrighted by the owner and is bought by the user.
A text file saved to the computer that identifies users and customizes webpages.
The legal right that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for use and distribution. Includes computer programs, web art, graphics, photos, web pages, etc.
A value, action, or setting that a computer system assumes.
A folder to organize files.
The “address” or URL of a particular web site. This is also how you describe the name at the right of the @ sign in an Internet address.
To format (electronic data) according to a standard format. UTF-8 is the encoding for an English Language keyboard
A container to organize files.
Software that is distributed at no cost to the user; however, the author maintains the copyright.
File Transfer Protocol
Used to transfer computer files from one host to another.
A six character value (0-9 and A-F) that represents the amount of red, green, and blue in a color.
The first web page displayed when visiting a website.
A computer that stores and sends requested web pages and other files.
A clickable area on a graphic.
Hypertext Markup Language
A markup language that is used to structure text, images, and hyperlinks within web pages.
The latest version of HTML
Hypertext Transport Protocol
The transmission standards used to send an HTML document across the web.
A web site that uses encrypted transmissions and takes other appropriate measures to ensure the protection of sensitive information such as credit card information.
A “clickable” image or text element on a web page that users select to display another location or page. Also known as a link.
A secure network within an organization that uses internet technologies to connect its employees and customers through a secure website.
Internet Protocol Address
A uniquely assigned numeric address for each computer connected to the Internet.
Internet Service Provider
A service company that provides a user with an account on a host-computer having access to the Internet.
A code that interacts with HTML code to create dynamic content such as rollovers or interactive elements on a page.
Local Area Network. A group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link to a server.
The presentation of information using animation, sound, graphics, and text.
An HTML code that resides in a head section of a web page and includes information about the page, such as keywords, and descriptions.
The presentation of information using animation, sound, graphics, and text.
How information travels over a network.
Text displayed inside an input field when the field is empty. Often in Latin
The common set of standards and rules ensure that all computers connected to the network have a common ground from which to work.
A proxy is an object that stands in for a "real" object that is stored in the local Attribute Data Store (ADS). The proxy's proxy:resource URI that is a link to the "real" object. To support a visual representation of a proxy, proxies have optional background color, image and imageType attributes.
Software or information with no copyright restrictions.
URLs that reference files on the same server within the same directory (folder). Does not contain a protocol (http, https, ftp, etc.)
A color value expressed with three characters that represents the amount of red, green, and blue present in a color.
Designed to help a user search for information on the web.
A web site that uses encrypted transmissions to protect sensitive information such as credit card information.
A host computer on a network.
Software that can be obtained for free on a trial basis but that may require some payment or registration for continued use.
A visual representation of a web site and its pages. It consists of a series of panels that plot the key scenes and illustrate the flow of animation.
The HTML element used to specify text styles, links, graphics, and other HTML element.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
A widely used network communication protocol used on the internet and computer networks.
Text Editor or Web Page Editor
(We use NotePad++)
An application program that allows you to manually key HTML commands into a blank document.
Uniform Resource Locator
The standard used to identify files on the internet using a complete path to the file.
Validating a website is the process of ensuring that the pages on the website conform to the norms or standards defined by various organizations
The act of reviewing inspecting or testing in order to establish a document that a product service or system meets regulatory or technical standards.
Special software often needed to view certain multimedia items on the internet (Flash, Acrobat, etc.)
Wide Area Network- An example of WANs are phone lines, radio waves and the internet.
A visual representation of a Web site and its pages.
What You See Is What You Get
Content on screen during editing appears in a form closely to its appearance when displayed.
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
Cleaner and more strict than HTML 4.