Metabolism and Energies 2 Flashcards


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1

The main purpose of the citric acid cycle is to

supply hydrogen atoms to the Electron Transport System.

2

The end products of aerobic respiration are

carbon dioxide, water, ATP

3

Most of the ATP from metabolism is produced in the

electron transport system (ETS)

4

In the citric acid cycle, a 2 carbon molecule and a 4 carbon molecule combine to produce

citric acid

5

The end products of glycolysis are

ATP, NADH, and pyruvic acid

6

The essential fatty acids are

linoleic acid and linolenic acid

7

The lipoproteins that carry absorbed lipids from the intestinal tract to the bloodstream are

chylomicrons

8

During lipolysis

triglycerides are broken down into glycerol and fatty acids.

9

Lipids

provide energy for cells with modest energy demands

10

Lipogenesis generally begins with

acetyl-CoA

11

Linoleic acid and linolenic acid are examples of

essential fatty acids

12

In order to determine the LDL level in a patient's blood, it is necessary to measure

total cholesterol level, HDL level, and triglyceride level

13

______ are the largest lipoproteins, ranging in diameter up to 0.5um, produced by intestinal epithelial cells from the fats in foods.

Chylomicrons