Last Effing exam for this class!!
What history factors can contribute to kidney problems?
diagnostic procedures that use dye
Uremia can cause a __________ taste.
What things should you look for regarding fluid volume?
Jugular distention of more than two centimeters
Hand vein inspection. observe for venous distention when hand is held in a dependent position.
A key feature that distinguishes edema due to excess volume or hypoalbuminemia from circulatory compromise is that the edema does not do what?
reverse with elevation of the extremity
True or false. If you hear a third or fourth heart sound it can indicate fluid overload.
If a pericardial friction rub is heard it can be indicative of what in a patient with kidney failure?
Crackles in the lungs in a kidney patient can indicate what?
Shallow gasping breaths with periods of apnea reflect severe ______ -__________ imbalances.
Why is a kidney on the left side usually not palpated?
its higher and protected by the ribs.
how do you differentiate ascites from bowel content?
by producing a fluid wave