Professor Allen's Microbe-Human Vocab

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1

Name the two contagious diseases found in your notes.

chicken pox and measles

2

The manner in which a disease develops is known as ________.

pathogenesis

3

____ microorganisms are those that cause disease when the host is in a weakened condition, or when the organism enters a site not normally inhabited by the microbe.

Opportunistic

4

A specific group of symptoms and signs that frequently accompanies a specific disease.

Syndrome

5

The causes of the disease is its ______.

etiology

6

_____ diseases develop slowly and persist or are recurrent over long periods of time.

Chronic

7

_______ diseases are those that are EASILY transmitted person to person.

Contagious

8

The etiological agent is the _____ ______ of a disease

causative agent

9

____ ______ transmission occurs when there is interaction between two people, the source of the disease and the susceptible host.

direct contact

10

_____ disease are those that are spread (transmissible) from person to person.

Communicable

11

A _____ infection occurs when an opportunistic pathogen infects the host due to its weakened condition.

secondary

12

Droplet transmission as a result of a cough or a sneeze is a type of _______ transmission.

Vehicle

13

The fraction of the population that contracts a disease during a particular PERIOD of time is known as _________.

Incidence

14

AIDS patients often develop this secondary infection due to their immunocompromised state.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)

15

______ infections are those that spread throughout the body via the lymphatic system or the circulatory system.

systemic

16

A change in the health of an individual that results from an infection.

disease

17

A non-living item such as a Kleenex that transmits the disease between people.

Fomite

18

_____ are objective changes in the body that can be observed or measured by the health care worker (such as temperature).

Signs

19

The fraction of the population that is infected with the disease at a specific point in time is known as _______.

Prevalence

20

______ occur when large numbers of people infected in a very short period of time.

Epidemics

21

A ______ infection is one that shows no outward signs or symptoms.

subclinical

22

_____ diseases are always present in the population.

Endemic

23

Name both disease that are considered non-communicable in your notes.

Tetanus and anthrax

24

____ disease are those that cannot be spread from person to person (not transmissible)

non-communicable

25

____ are subjective changes in body function such as pain or achiness.

Symptoms

26

Name all 4 types of communicable diseases listed in your notes.

Chicken Pox, Measles, genital herpes, and T.B.

27

____ infections are limited to a small area of the body.

local

28

_____ diseases develop rapidly and do not last a long time.

acute

29

A _____ infection is an acute infection that causes the disease.

Primary

30

______ are world-wide epidemics.

pandemics