The ___ perspective examines the relationships between different social institutions
Sociology is the systematic study of:
____________ and _______________.
human society and social interaction
Acc. to C. Wright Mills, the sociological imagination refers to the
recognize the relationship between _________ troubles and ________ issues
_____________ perspectives are based on the assumption that groups are engaged in a continuous POWER struggle for control of scarce resources
What sociological perspective would focus on the fact that our thoughts and behaviors are shaped by our social interactions with others?
_________________ perspectives are based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system
____________ is a set of logically interrelated statements that attempt to describe, explain, and predict social events
______________ suggested that societies are built upon social facts
______________ perspective focuses on inequalities between groups based on factors like social class, race, ethnicity, and gender
Goffman's dramaturgical analysis represents the ____________ perspective
______________ is the capacity to disrupt, discontinue, or reform the command of social structures
______________ was the first empirical sociologist (based on observation)
______________ condition in which standards, rules, routines, values, and norms that typically guide human behavior lose their command
Functionalist (Structural), Conflict, Symbolic Interactionist are the 3 main _______________________.
The ____________________ perspective, by Charles Cooley, suggests that the self is a product of the way we perceive others reacting to us.
George Mead believed that the self-concept is determined by the various _________ throughout the life course
George Mead's ______ is the creative, aspirational. and expressive self- one's uniqueness or own "style" within the statuses they hold.
The ______ is the aspect of the self that conforms to the norms and expectations of
_____________ is the obvious or intended purpose of something
Karl Marx's _____________ - viewed society through the lens of an ongoing struggle between capitalists and the proletariat (working class)
Karl’s criticism of functional theory is _____________________.
Facade of legitimacy
________________________ is concerned with everyday encounters and how people communicate and interpret each other’s interests, values, and goals
Symbolic Interactionist Theory
______________ is a trait or characteristic that is subject to change under different conditions
_________________ is…. shared (collective property) , adaptive, cumulative, fluid (it is not static, it can change), material (ex: food, movies, clothing) & nonmaterial (ex: behavior of people, values, attitudes)
____________ is the way of life of a group of people; the totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material object, and behavior in given society
____________ are what is important to someone
The concept of _______ refers to social norms that are widely observed and are considered to have greater moral significance than others.
Informal norms are referred as called _____________.
________________ is the act of judging another culture based on the values and standards of one's own culture – especially regarding language, behavior, customs, and religion.
_________________ is the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that person's own culture, rather than be judged against the criteria of another
Being bilingual is an example of __________________, cultural assets that achieve social mobility
________________ is the spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group of people to another.
__________________ is the adoption of elements of one culture by members of another culture
________________ are ideas people are taught to accept
A _____________ is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles
A _________________ is a movement based around a shared identity that directly rejects or opposes mainstream cultural values.
________________ to teach culture, the process of learning the ways of life in society, the lifelong process by which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a given culture
________________ is person or group to look to make some type of judgement on, not necessarily role models
______________________ preparing us for what is expected to happen ex: private schools prepare a student for different colleges than public school
Standing up in the train so others can sit down is an example of ______________________. (non verbal and indirect inattention, involves awareness of the presence of others)
Civil inattention/ Unfocused interaction
________________ is verbal and direct, this is also known as an Encounter. Individuals here are engaged in a common activity or conversation
____________________ the study of how people interpret what others say and do in the course of everyday interactions
________________ is when people lack resources to satisfy essential needs (food, shelter, water)
________________ is when lacking the resources that are common within a particular setting or social group
______________ is preconceived opinions or attitudes about an entire group of people, often an ethnic or racial minority
____________ is a belief that one race is supreme and all others are interior.
_________________ is unequal treatment of an entire group of people
_______________ is when minority groups learn the ways of the majority group
_____________ is when each group retains it’s own culture and respects (or tolerates) other groups enough to let them do the same (E.g. a salad bowl)
________________ is the exaggeration of the traits and behaviors believed to be characteristic of males
Hypermasculinity (or “toxic” masculinity)
_____________ is human constructed category of individuals with similar physical features that have come to be socially significant
_____________ is a human constructed social identity related and/or distinct cultural practices (e.g. language, belief systems, religion)
_____________ based on two assumptions: rules are socially constructed & rules are not enforced uniformly or consistently
(You are what they say you are)
_______________ is the theory of structural strain take into
consideration two elements of social structure:
the goals of society defines as valuable & the culturally legitimate means to achieve those valued goals
The key assumption of _______________ is criminal behavior is learned
Differential Association theory
To operationalize a variable is to _________________
decide how to measure it