CNS Exam 2 Part 2

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 weeks ago by Austin_Millwood
6 views
updated 4 weeks ago by Austin_Millwood
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Which disorder in Diabetes Mellitus causes damage to ANS nerve fibers?

Autonomic neuropathy

2

Which disorder of the ANS—blocks ACh release—motor paralysis, blurred vision, dry mouth, unreactive pupils, etc?

Botulism

3

Which ANS disorder is caused by SNS>PNS?

HTN

4

Which ANS disorder—spinal cord injury—v. high BP?

Autonomic Dysreflexia

5

Which ANS disorder—painful, exaggerated vasoconstriction in fingers and toes—triggered by cold?

Raynaud's disease

6

Which drug is used to treat OP nerve gas poisoning?

Pralidoxime

7

What is the drug class of Pralidoxime?

Cholinesterase reactivator

8

Pralidoxime is always used in combination with what drug?

atropine

9

Which organ has many functions – drug metabolism, glucose production (gluconeogenesis), storage (glycogenesis), release (glycolysis)?

Liver

10

What is the only digestive function of the liver?

bile production

11

Bile is a what?

fat emulsifier

12

What is the chief function of the gallbladder?

bile storage and release

13

There is direct expression of M3 and beta-2 receptors on what area of the gallbladder?

smooth muscle walls

14

The kidneys regulate what?

blood volume, and in turn blood pressure

15

Necrotic damage to the nephrons is known as what?

chronic kidney disease

16

Chronic kidney disease is mostly cause by which disease states?

  • Diabetes
  • HTN
17

What are the 3 cell populations of the Juxtaglomerular Complex (JGC)?

  • Juxtaglomerular or granular cells
  • Racula densa
  • Extraglomerular mesangial cells
18

Chemoreceptors; sense NaCl content of filtrate relate to which cells of the JGC?

Macula densa

19

Which cells of the JGC may pass signals between macula densa and granular cells?

Extraglomerular mesangial cells

20

The following bullets describe which cells?

Smooth muscle cells of arteriole (blood vessels)

◦Secretory granules contain enzyme renin

◦Release is stimulated by β1 receptors

Juxtaglomerular or granular cells

21

The release of Renin coverts Angiotensin into what?

Angiotensin 1

22

What converts Angiotensin 1 into Angiotensin 2?

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)

23

Angiotensin 1 causes the adrenal cortex to release what?

Aldosterone

24

Aldosterone release leads to what?

Increased Sodium reabsorption

25

Angiotension 1 causes the pituitary to release what?

ADH

26

ADH release in the pituitary leads to what?

Increased water reabsorption

27

Angiotensin 1 causes the hypothalamus to increase what?

thirst

28

Increase of thirst in the hypothalamus leads to what?

increase water intake

29

Angiotensin 1 causes an increase of what of blood vessels?

Vasoconstriction

30

Increased sodium and water reabsorption and increased water intake relate to what?

blood volume--> increase arterial pressure

31

Increased vasoconstriction from Angiotensin 1 leads to what?

Increased arterial pressure

32

What juice reduces BP?

Pomegranate

33

Pomegranate juice reduces levels of what?

ACE

34

The detrusor muscle of the bladder is contracted via what?

M3

35

The detrusor muscle is dilated via what?

Beta-2/3

36

The internal urethral sphincter is dilated via what?

M3

37

The internal urethral sphincter is contracted via what?

alpha-1

38

Noncancerous enlargement of prostate gland stemming from an increase in the number of stromal (smooth muscle), epithelial (glandular) tissue cells, or both is known as what?

BPH

39

Nerve agents block what?

Acetylcholinesterase

40

What is an oxime—approved by the FDA that reverses the binding of AChE inhibitors to AChE?

2-PAM