vitamins

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1

Vision, skin, membrane function

citrus/carrot

A

2

Cell production, breakdown proteins

B

3

Cell structure, antioxidant

citrus, broccoli

C

4

Hormone

sunlight/ oily fish

D

5

Repair free radical damage

vegetable oil

E

6

Clotting

leafy greens

K

7

Bone stuff

dairy

calcium

8

acid base

chlorine

9

cells use glucose for insulin

chromium

10

transport oxygen

copper

11

thyroid

iodine

12

common deficiency

Magnesium

13

strong antioxidant

meat/grain

Selenium

14

liver, raisin, beans

iron

15

protein requirement?

Protein source?

46 F

56 M

nut/legume/fish/meat

16

carb requirement?

carb source

131g

bean/potato/grain

17

fiber requirement?

fiber source?

21 F

30 M

oats/beans

18

heart disease diet

DASH

19

dysphagia

hard to swallow

20

heart disease:

_____ thickens blood causing ______

high cholesterol, atherosclerosis

21

atheroslecrosis?

arteries clog and cause thickening/plaque

22

angina

heart doesn't get enough blood

23

heart attack

part of heart gets blocked and dies

24

CHF

weakening of heart from atherosclerosis

25

AFIB

crazy upper beat

26

VFIB

quivering bottom beat

27

leading 5 cancers

colon, lung, rectal, prostate, breast

28

small cell vs non-small cell?

small cell is worse

29

ductal carcinoma

cells that line milk ducts get cancer (common)

30

lobular carcinoma

lobules/milk glands get cancer

31

1% of breast cancers

pagets disease of the nipple

32

stroke

brain deprived of oxygen

33

ischemic stroke:

hemmorhagic stroke:

clot blocks supply

broken vessel

34

Emphysema

deterioration of alveoli

35

asthma

hyperactive bronchi

36

type 1 DBTS:

type 2 DBTS:

pancreas stops making insulin

cells become resistant

37

most costly chronic disease

diabetes (1/4 medicare dollars)

38

fever/chills/diff. breathing

antibiotics or vaccine

pneumonia

39

viral infection. No antibiotic needed

Cold

40

follows cold or flu

productive cough w/ phlegm

bronchitis

41

hole in esophagus

acid blocking meds or antibiotics

ulcer

42

Calcium/cholesterol deposit

can cause cholecystitis

Gallstone

43

bacterial inflammation

fever, nausea, pain

appendicitis

44

diverticulosis:

diverticulitis:

abdominal pain, bloody stool

pouches in colon

inflammation of pouches

1/2 over 65 have it

caused by low fiber

45

BRAT diet

caused by viral/bacterial

diarrhea

46

infection of blood

low temp/tachycardia

septicemia

47

bacterial infection

from E coli

UTI

48

reactivation of chicken pox

antiviral drug/ vaccine

shingles

49

hyperthermia temp:

heat stroke and skin::

100F

105F, dry hot skin

50

hypothermia temp

95*

51

1/3 of accidental deaths

Falls