GM Level 7 Terms and Signs: Complete

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created 4 weeks ago by lynnestenlund
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1

accelerando, accel.

becoming quicker

2

accent

a stressed note

3

a tempo

return to the original tempo

4

adagio

slow

5

agitato

agitated

6

ad libitum, ad. lib

at the liberty of the performer

7

alla, all’

in the manner of

8

allegro

fast

9

allegretto

fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)

10

andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

11

andantino

a little faster than andante

12

animato

lively, animated

13

ben, bene

well (for example: ben marcato, well marked)

14

cantabile

in a singing style

15

col, coll’, colla, colle

with (for example: coll’ottava, with an added octave)

16

con

with

17

con brio

with vigor, spirit

18

con espressione

with expression

19

con fuoco

with fire

20

con grazia

with grace

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con moto

with movement

22

crescendo, cresc.

becoming louder

23

da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

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dal segno, D.S.

from the sign

25

D.C. al Fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

26

decrescendo, decresc.

becoming softer

27

diminuendo, dim.

becoming softer

28

dolce

sweet, gentle

29

dolente

sad

30

e, ed

and

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fine

the end

32

forte, f

loud

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fortepiano, fp

loud, then suddenly soft

34

fortissimo, ff

very loud

35

giocoso

humorous, jocose

36

grandioso

grand, grandiose

37

grave

slow and solemn

38

grazioso

graceful

39

larghetto

fairly slow but not as slow as largo

40

largo

very slow

41

legato

smooth

42

leggiero

light, nimble, quick

43

lento

slow

44

loco

return to normal register

45

ma

but (for example: ma non troppo, but not too much)

46

maestoso

majestic

47

mano destra, m.d.

right hand

48

mano sinistra, m.s.

left hand

49

marcato, marc.

marked or stressed

50

martellato

strongly accented, hammered

51

meno

less

52

meno mosso

less movement, slower

53

mesto

sad, mournful

54

mezzo forte, mf

moderately loud

55

mezzo piano, mp

moderately soft

56

moderato

at a moderate tempo

57

molto

much, very

58

morendo

dying, fading away

59

non

not

60

ottava, 8va

the interval of an octave

61

pedale, ped.

pedal

62

pesante

weighty, with emphasis

63

pianissimo, pp

very soft

64

piano, p

soft

65

più

more

66

più mosso

more movement (quicker)

67

poco

little

68

poco a poco

little by little

69

prestissimo

as fast as possible

70

presto

very fast

71

primo, prima

first, the upper part of a duet

72

quasi

almost, as if

73

quindicesima alta, 15ma

two octaves higher

74

rallentando, rall.

slowing down

75

risoluto

resolute

76

ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

77

rubato

with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression

78

scherzando

playful

79

secondo, seconda

second; second or lower part of a duet

80

semplice

simple

81

sempre

always, continuously

82

senza

without

83

sforzando, sf, sfz

a sudden strong accent of a single note or chord

84

simile

continue in the same manner as has just been indicated

85

sonore

sonorous

86

sopra

above

87

sostenuto

sustained

88

sotto voce

soft, subdued, under the breath

89

spiritoso

spirited

90

staccato

detached

91

subito

suddenly

92

tacet

be silent

93

tempo

speed at which music is performed

94

Tempo primo (Tempo I)

return to the original tempo

95

tranquillo

quiet, tranquil

96

tre corde

three strings; release the left (piano) pedal

97

troppo

too much

98

tutti

a passage for the ensemble

99

una corda

one string; depress the left (piano) pedal

100

vivace

lively, brisk

101

vivo

lively

102

volta

time (for example, prima volta: first time; seconda volta: second time)

103

volti subito, v.s.

turn the page quickly

104
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crescendo, cresc. - becoming louder

105
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decrescendo, decresc., diminuendo, dim. - becoming softer

106
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double bar line - indicates the end of a piece

107
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fermata - hold note or rest longer than its written value

108
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slur - play the notes smoothly (legato)

109
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staccato - detached

110
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tie - hold for the combined value of the tied notes

111
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accent - a stressed note

112
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common time - symbol for 4/4 time

113
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

114
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

115
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repeat sign- repeat the music between the two signs or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

116
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tenuto - held, sustained

117
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breath mark - take a breath, and/or slight pause or lift

118
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up bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow upward

119
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down bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow downward

120
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dal segno - from the sign

121
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ottava, 8va - play one octave below the written pitch

122
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ottava, 8va - play one octave above the written pitch

123
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glissando, gliss. - continuous slide upward or downward between two pitches