GM Level 6 Terms and Signs: Complete

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created 3 months ago by lynnestenlund
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updated 3 months ago by lynnestenlund
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1

accelerando, accel.

becoming quicker

2

accent

a stressed note

3

a tempo

return to the original tempo

4

adagio

slow

5

ad libitum, ad. lib

at the liberty of the performer

6

alla, all’

in the manner of

7

allegro

fast

8

allegretto

fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)

9

andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

10

andantino

a little faster than andante

11

animato

lively, animated

12

ben, bene

well (for example: ben marcato, well marked)

13

cantabile

in a singing style

14

col, coll’, colla, colle

with (for example: coll’ottava, with an added octave)

15

con

with

16

con brio

with vigor, spirit

17

con espressione

with expression

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con fuoco

with fire

19

con grazia

with grace

20

con moto

with movement

21

crescendo, cresc.

becoming louder

22

da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

23

dal segno, D.S.

from the sign

24

D.C. al Fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

25

decrescendo, decresc.

becoming softer

26

diminuendo, dim.

becoming softer

27

dolce

sweet, gentle

28

e, ed

and

29

fine

the end

30

forte, f

loud

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fortepiano, fp

loud, then suddenly soft

32

fortissimo, ff

very loud

33

grave

slow and solemn

34

grazioso

graceful

35

larghetto

fairly slow but not as slow as largo

36

largo

very slow

37

legato

smooth

38

leggiero

light, nimble, quick

39

lento

slow

40

loco

return to normal register

41

ma

but (for example: ma non troppo, but not too much)

42

maestoso

majestic

43

mano destra, m.d.

right hand

44

mano sinistra, m.s.

left hand

45

marcato, marc.

marked or stressed

46

meno

less

47

meno mosso

less movement, slower

48

mezzo forte, mf

moderatly loud

49

mezzo piano, mp

moderately soft

50

moderato

at a moderate tempo

51

non

not

52

ottava, 8va

the interval of an octave

53

pedale, ped.

pedal

54

pianissimo, pp

very soft

55

piano, p

soft

56

più

more

57

più mosso

more movement (quicker)

58

poco

little

59

poco a poco

little by little

60

prestissimo

as fast as possible

61

presto

very fast

62

primo, prima

first, the upper part of a duet

63

quasi

almost, as if

64

rallentando, rall.

slowing down

65

ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

66

rubato

with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression

67

secondo, seconda

second; second or lower part of a duet

68

sempre

always, continuously

69

senza

without

70

sforzando, sf, sfz

a sudden strong accent of a single note or chord

71

simile

continue in the same manner as has just been indicated

72

spiritoso

spirited

73

staccato

detached

74

subito

suddenly

75

tempo

speed at which music is performed

76

Tempo primo (Tempo I)

return to the original tempo

77

tranquillo

quiet, tranquil

78

tre corde

three strings; release the left (piano) pedal

79

troppo

too much

80

una corda

one string; depress the left (piano) pedal

81

vivace

lively, brisk

82
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crescendo, cresc. - becoming louder

83
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decrescendo, decresc. , diminuendo, dim. - becoming softer

84
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double bar line - indicates the end of a piece

85
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fermata - hold note or rest longer than its written value

86
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slur - play the notes smoothly (legato)

87
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staccato - detached

88
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tie - hold for the combined value of the tied notes

89
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accent - a stressed note

90
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common time - symbol for 4/4 time

91
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

92
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

93
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repeat sign- repeat the music between the two signs or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

94
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tenuto - held, sustained

95
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breath mark - take a breath, and/or slight pause or lift

96
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up bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow upward

97
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down bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow downwa

98
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dal segno - from the sign

99
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ottava, 8va - play one octave above the written pitch

100
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ottava, 8va - play one octave below the written pitch