GM Level 5 Signs and Terms: Complete

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created 3 months ago by lynnestenlund
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updated 3 months ago by lynnestenlund
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1

accelerando, accel.

becoming quicker

2

accent

a stressed note

3

a tempo

return to the original tempo

4

adagio

slow

5

allegro

fast

6

allegretto

fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)

7

andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

8

andantino

a little faster than andante

9

cantabile

in a singing style

10

crescendo, cresc.

becoming louder

11

da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

12

dal segno, D.S.

from the sign

13

D.C. al Fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

14

decrescendo, decresc.

becoming softer

15

diminuendo, dim.

becoming softer

16

dolce

sweet, gentle

17

fine

the end

18

forte, f

loud

19

fortissimo, ff

very loud

20

grazioso

graceful

21

larghetto

fairly slow but not as slow as largo

22

largo

very slow

23

legato

smooth

24

lento

slow

25

maestoso

majestic

26

mano destra, m.d.

right hand

27

mano sinistra, m.s.

left hand

28

marcato, marc.

marked or stressed

29

mezzo forte, mf

moderatly loud

30

mezzo piano, mp

moderately soft

31

moderato

at a moderate tempo

32

molto

much, very

33

ottava, 8va

the interval of an octave

34

pedale, ped.

pedal

35

pianissimo, pp

very soft

36

piano, p

soft

37

poco

little

38

prestissimo

as fast as possible

39

presto

very fast

40

rallentando, rall.

slowing down

41

ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

42

rubato

with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression

43

spiritoso

spirited

44

staccato

detached

45

tempo

speed at which music is performed

46

tempo primo (Tempo I)

return to the original tempo

47

tranquillo

quiet, tranquil

48

vivace

lively, brisk

49
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crescendo, cresc. - becoming louder

50
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decrescendo, decresc. , diminuendo, dim. - becoming softer

51
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double bar line - indicates the end of a piece

52
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fermata - hold note or rest longer than its written value

53
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slur - play the notes smoothly (legato)

54
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staccato - detached

55
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tie - hold for the combined value of the tied notes

56
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accent - a stressed note

57
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common time - symbol for 4/4 time

58
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

59
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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

60
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repeat sign- repeat the music between the two signs or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

61
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tenuto - held, sustained

62
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dal segno - from the sign

63
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ottava, 8va - play one octave above written pitch

64
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ottava, 8va - play one octave below written pitch

65
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down bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow downward

66
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up bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow upward

67
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breath mark - take a breath, and/or slight pause or lift