GM Level 4 Terms and Signs: Complete

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created 5 weeks ago by lynnestenlund
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crescendo, cresc. - becoming louder

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decrescendo, decresc. , diminuendo, dim. - becoming softer

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double bar line - indicates the end of a piece

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fermata - hold note or rest longer than its written value

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forte - loud

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fortissimo - very loud

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mezzo forte - moderately loud

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mezzo piano - moderately soft

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piano - soft

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pianissimo - very soft

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slur - play the notes smoothly (legato)

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staccato - detached

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tie - hold for the combined value of the tied notes

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x

accent - a stressed note

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common time - symbol for 4/4 time

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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

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repeat sign- repeat the music between the two signs or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

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tenuto - held, sustained

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dal segno - from the sign

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ottava, 8va - play one octave above written pitch

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ottava, 8va - play one octave below written pitch

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down bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow downward

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up bow - on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow upward

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breath mark - take a breath, and/or slight pause or lift

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allegro

fast

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andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

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a tempo

return to the original tempo

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legato

smooth

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lento

slow

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moderato

at a moderate tempo

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ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

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tempo

speed at which music is performed

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legato

smoothly, connected

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allegretto

fairly fast

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da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

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D.C. al Fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

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Fine

the end

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molto

much, very

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poco

little

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presto

very fast

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rallentando, rall.

slowing down

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cantabile

in a singing style

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grazioso

graceful

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maestoso

majestic

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marcato

marked or stressed

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ottava, 8va

the interval of an octave

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dal segno, D. S.

from the sign

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dolce

sweet, gentle

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accelerando, accel.

becoming faster

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adagio

slow

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vivace

lively, brisk

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mano destra, m.d.

right hand

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mano sinistra, m.s.

left hand

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prestissimo

as fast as possible

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Tempo primo (Tempo I)

return to the original tempo