GM Level 2 Terms and Signs: Complete

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crescendo, cresc. - becoming louder

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decrescendo, decresc. , diminuendo, dim. - becoming softer

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double bar line - indicates the end of a piece

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fermata - hold note or rest longer than its written value

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forte - loud

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fortissimo - very loud

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mezzo forte - moderately loud

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mezzo piano - moderately soft

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piano - soft

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pianissimo - very soft

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slur - play the notes smoothly (legato)

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staccato - detached

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tie - hold for the combined value of the tied notes

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accent - a stressed note

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common time - symbol for 4/4 time

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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

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pedal marking - use the piano damper pedal

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repeat sign- repeat the music between the two signs or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

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tenuto - held, sustained

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allegro

fast

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andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

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a tempo

return to the original tempo

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legato

smooth

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lento

slow

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moderato

at a moderate tempo

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ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

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tempo

speed at which music is performed

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legato

smoothly, connected

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allegretto

fairly fast

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da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

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D.C. al Fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

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Fine

the end

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molto

much, very