General Laboratory Terms

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1

asepsis

freedom from infection

2

a

sepsis

not

putrefaction

3

CBC

complete blood count, calculation of numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets (clotting cells)

4

culture

a medium that encourages the growth of micro-organisms, tissues or cells

5

cultura

to till

6

differential

refers to white blood cell count, procedure that determines quantities of various types of white blood cells (WBC's)

7

differo

to carry apart

8

hematology

the study of blood and its components

9

hemat/o

-logy

blood

study

10

incubation

maintenance of near-ideal conditions for the growth of micro-organisms

11

incubo

to lie upon

12

morphology

study of shape

13

morph/o

-logy

form, shape

study

14

pathogens

disease-causing organisms

15

path/o

gen/o

disease

study

16

resistant

refers to microbes that are completely or relatively unaffected by certain antibodies

17

resisto

to stand back, withstand

18

sensitivity

state of being sensitive to a particular substance, refers to ability of certain drugs to inhibit the growth of a particular micro-organism

19

sensus

to feel

20

serology

the study of serum (fluid portion of blood)

21

ser/o

-logy

serum

study

22

sterile

free from living organisms

23

sterilis

barren

24

urinalysis

laboratory study of the urine

25

urin/o

ana-

-lysis

urine

up, apart, away

loosening, breaking down, dissolving

26

microbiology

the study of living micro-organisms (algae, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses)

27

microscopic

visible only with the aid of a microscope

28

biochemistry

the chemical, molecular and physical changes of living organisms

29

microbiologist

one who specializes in the study of living micro-organisms