Spelling Rules for Medical Terminology

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created 4 months ago by terrioverseas
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ptec102
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1

combining form + suffix that begins with a vowel

drop the combining vowel

gastr/o + -itis = gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)

2

combining form + suffix that begins with a consonant

keep the combining vowel

rhin/o + -plasty = rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose)

3

two or more combining forms + suffix

keep the combining vowel between the two combining forms

oste/o + myel/o + -itis = osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone and bone marrow)

4

prefix + combining form + suffix

follow general suffix rules

hyper- + glyc/o + -emia = hypoglycemia (excessive sugar in the blood)

5

root word / combining form that ends with the same vowel as the start of the suffix

drop the final vowel in the root word / combining form

cardi/o + -itis = carditis (inflammation of the heart)

6

eponym

a medical term named after a person or place

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) = Lou Gherig's Disease