Prefixes - "Amount or Position/Direction"

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created 4 months ago by terrioverseas
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College: First year
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ptec102
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1

hyper-

more, excessive, increased (hypertension - increased blood pressure)

above (hyperflexion - flexion of a limb beyond the normal limit)

2

hypo-

less, deficient (hypoglycemia - low blood sugar)

below (hypodermic - beneath the skin)

3

infra-

less than (infrasonic - frequencies that lie below the range of human hearing)

under, below (infrared - portion of the electromagnetic spectrum with wavelengths between 770 - 1000 nm)

4

meta-

change (metastasize - to pass into or invade)

behind (metacarpus - the five bones making up the posterior portion of the hand)

5

sub-

less than (subnormal - lower or smaller than normal)

under, below (substernal - under the sternum)

6

super-

excessive, more (supernumeracy - exceeding the normal number)

above (superimpose - place or lay one thing over another)

7

supra-

excessive, outside (supraliminal - existing above the threshold of consciousness)

beyond (suprarenal - above the kidney)

8

ultra-

excessive (ultraviolet - electromagnetic rays at a higher frequency than violet)

beyond (ultrasound - sound having a frequency beyond 30,000 Hz)