Introduction to Computer Systems for health information technology

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created 7 years ago by kspurlin
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Chapter one
updated 7 years ago by kspurlin
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College: Second year
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1

M P I

Master patient index

2

Dummy terminals

They were limited to eight monitor and keyboard, and the bare minimum of bare minimum of hardware were needed to connect to the network using the servers PC to perform oral functions.

3

hard drive

It is the brain and performs all functions

4

R A M

Random access memory

5

R O M

Read only memory

6

C P U

Central processing unit

7

PPS

Prospective payment system

8

DRG's

Diagnosis related groups

9

Encoders

Specialty software used to facilitate the assessment of diagnostic and procedural codes according to the coding system

10

DRG Grouper

Computer software program that assigns appropriate DRG's according to the information provided for each episode of care.

11

R O I

Release of information

12

H I P P A

Health Information Portability and Accountability Act

13

Abstracting

Remain unchanged until the 1980s, when software developers created programs that allowed much of the required data to be preloaded from other program screens into the HIM programs.

14

CDR

Change description master

15

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid

16

HTML

hyertext markup language

17

fiscal intermediaries (FI's)

Are those agencies contracted by cms to process the claims for that particular area or state.

18

O P P S

Outpatient prospective payment system

19

IRF

Inpatient rehabilitation facilities

20

C I N A H L

Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education

21

The first computers in healthcare were basically processors that used

Vacuum tubes

22

Patients use this tool to read about health issues and gain more medical knowledge on their health.

World wide web

23

DRG's were implemented in what year?

1985

24

What is considered the brain of the standard PC?

hard drive

25

The CPU operates with speed that is measured in

megahertz

26

Computers speed is measured in_____and long-term memory is measured in______?

MHz, RAM

27

All of the following are hardware Except: Monitor, mouse, printer, database

Database

28

What device would a stylus be used in conjunction with? Digital camera, microphone, PDA, scanner

pda

29

The use of barcoding falls under the category of what type of input device? Docking station, printer, scanner, touch screen

Scanner

30

The weight of a laptop computer is most attributed to the____?

AC adapter

31

The port that uses infrared waves that are directed between two devices that communicate is known as?
bluetooth
IrDA
Firewire
USB

IrDA

32

If you were to purchase a digital camera, which of the following would have the best resolution in pixels on this camera?
10 pixels
8 pixels
1 megapixel
3 megapixels

3 megapixels

33

Monitor resolution is measured in____?
Rom
G H z
MBps
dpi

dpi

34

Enterprise software

Typically used for an entire facility, such as applications involving E mail, network, security issues, and the Internet.

35

A bit is?

A basic unit of storage within a computer.

36

Apple, Gateway, Hewlett Packard, and Dell are examples of what within the computer world?

Computer manufacturers

37

What computer language is more commonly used for programming on the Internet?
HTML
SGML
XML
C++

HTML

38

The computers instruction set that governs the entire functions of all processes are known as:
Operating system
Device driver
Application
Programming language

Operating system

39

What would a utility program best perform within a computer?
Maintenance
Word processing
graphics
E mail

Maintenance

40

Tree network

Sometimes called a hierarchical network. The main computer is the root or the first level; the next level of computers that are connected is the second level. In the second level of the hierarchy, computers are connected from the second computer in the series. There can be other levels within this network but no other computers can be connected above the central computer or node in the hierarchy. A tree network must have three levels or else it would be a star network.

41

Hybrid Network

Is basically any combination of networks combined.

42

daisy chain network

Connecting each computer to the next in series.

43

Star network

The most common network set up or a LAN network. All of the cables that connect computers at any point connect to the hub or center.

44

Bus network

Computers that are networked together are lined up on a single cable.

45

Token ring network

Similar to a ring or circle of cable of computers in the network.

46

Internet

Hundreds of networks with thousands of computers linked together to share data and information.

47

Intra-net

A private network of computers

48

Extranet

A system that allows selected external users limited access to the private network.

49

The linking of components within a geographically contained area is called?

LAN

50

Advantages to using a CPR or E HR include all of the following except:
Application programs can be shared
Peripheral hardware can be shared.
Databases can be shared.
System Security is easier to control.

System security was easier to control

51

The network topography that will allow users to access portions of the network when one section is down is the
Bus network
Star network
Ring network
Tree network

Bus network