Chp 7

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1

Technological changes 1877-1893

telegraph
TransAtlantic cable
faster and cheaper printing

2

Extension of Theory of Evolution

Social Darwinism

3

European colonization resumed in ...

1880s

4

British Empire owned ...

12 million square miles of territory and added 4 million more between 1875-1900

5

Percentage of world population in areas controlled by British

25%

6

Nation that became England's top economic rival

Germany

7

US population in 1900

75 million, second only to Russia

8

The US added ... new states between 1889-1893

6

9

Before the Civil War, most US immigrants came from...

Northern and Western Europe

10

After the Civil War, most US immigrants came from...

Southern and Eastern Europe

11

3 factors in US westward expansion

discovery of gold and silver
1862 Homestead Act
railroad network completed

12

Western Indians fought ... battles against settlers

1000

13

Change to US relations with Indians in 1871

Stopped negotiating and invalidated earlier treaties

14

World's top industrial producer in 1900

United States

15

Describe Gilded Age diplomacy

No master plan, served as transition between continental empire of Jefferson and insular empire of the early 20th c

16

Secretary of State .... laid groundwork for expansion in 1890s

Blaine

17

The modernized Japan's response to the outside world

Eagerly studied American technology but preferred the German style of government

18

American business magnates

JP Morgan - linked US and S America by telegraph
John D Rockefeller - Standard Oil worldwide
Andrew Carnegie - US Steel

19

Democratic approach to economics and gov't

laissez-faire
limited gov't
limited public spending

20

Republican approach to economics and gov't

protective tariffs
strong central gov't
expansion

21

Changes to US military after Civil War

US Army demobilized, Navy reduced to about 6 ships

22

US President who focused on upgrading the Navy

Chester A Arthur

23

World response to agitation from US immigrants

US became leading source of arms for Irish Rebellion
Britain passed Coercion Act of 1881
Britain urged US to shut down newspapers sympathetic to the rebellion
Arthur admin took measures against illegal shipments of arms

24

What was the Coercion Act of 1881?

British Act that allowed detention without trial for suspected insurgents

25

US response to Chinese immigrant complaints of abuse

1879 bill that limited number of Chinese allowed to immigrate, followed by more similar bills

26

What led to degeneration of US and Russian relations?

Russian famine of 1880s and wave of anti-Semitism, sometimes directed against American Jews traveling in Russia

27

3 biggest consumers of US goods

Britain, France and Germany

28

Growth of US economy from 1869-1873

GNP grew from $9 billion to $37 billion

29

Growth of US economy from 1865-1900

Exports grew from $234 million to $1.5 billion

30

Year of Depression in the Gilded Age

1873

31

First year that US exports exceeded imports

1876

32

2 advantages of reciprocity treaty

Allowed free entry of raw materials to US and free markets for US goods
Allowed a lot of US control without the responsibility of a colony

33

2 islands with reciprocity agreements with US

Hawaii and Cuba

34

Benjamin Harrison's foreign policy

Active and sometimes belligerent

35

What nation owned Samoa before the US took control in 1889?

Germany