Lab 2 - Blood

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1

Most abundant to least white cell

1. Neutrophil
2. Lymphocyte
3. Monocyte
4. Eosinophil
5. Basophil

2

Plasma %

55%

3

Formed Element %

45%

4

Granulocytes

Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Basophil

5

Agranulocytes

Lymphocyte
Monocyte

6

Neutrophil

Multilobed 2-5
D: ~2 weeks
LS: 6 hours to days

7

Eosinophil

Red cytoplasm
D:~ 2 weeks
LS: 8-12 days

8

Basophil

Large purple-blue cytoplasm
D: 1-7 days
LS: ??

9

Lymphocyte

pale blue cytoplasm
D: days to weeks
LS: hours to years

10

Monocyte

U shaped nucleus
D: 2-3 days
LS: months

11

Platelets

Fragments
D: 4-5 days
LS: 5-10 days

12

Erythrocytes

Anucleate
D: ~15 days
LS: 100-120 days

13

Neutrophil function

phagocytize bacteria

14

Eosinophil function

kill parasitic worms

15

Basophil function

realse histamine and other inflammatory components

16

Lymphocyte function

mount immune response attack via antibodies

17

Monocyte function

phagocytosis- develop into macrophages in tissue

18

Platelets function

seal small tears of blood vessel; clotting

19

Plasma proteins

Albumin- osmotic balance, pH buffering
Fibrinogen- clotting of blood
Globulins- defense (antibodies and lipid transport)

20

Electrolytes in plasma

Magnesium
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Bicarbonate

21

Agglutinogens

Antigens- substance already part of cell genetically determined
A, B, Rh

22

Agglutinins

Antibodies- attack!

23

Blood B has what antibodies?

A antibodies

24

Globulins

antibodies

25

Plasma components

Water, salt-electrolytes, plasma proteins, nutrients, respiratory gases, hormones

26

Platelet derived

megakaryocyte

27

Hematocrit

determined when anemia is suspected

28

Hematocrit male

40-54%

29

Hematocrit females

47-57%