Aromatherapy for Holistic Therapists: BRIEF HISTORY OF AROMATHERAPY - WHO WHAT WHEN Flashcards

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who is the father of medicine and why?

Hippocrates, he used essential oils to rid Athens of plague and wrote about using plants, such as frankincense, myrrh, roses, and opium for medical purposes


who were regarded as the pioneers of aromatherapy and why

The Egyptians as they had vast knowledge of plants and used oils for cosmetic , religious and medical purposes and to embalm the dead.


what knowledge did the Greeks have regarding aromatherapy

discovered that odour of certain flowers were either relaxing or stimulating, they used olive oil to absorb odour from flower petals and used this perfumed oil in both cosmetic and medicinal reasons. soldiers when going into battle, would take ointments with them containing myrrh for treating wounds


what knowledge did the romans have?

many doctors were Greek who share their knowledge with the romans. they used oils not only of medicinal purposes but also to beautify themselves. as in perfume.


The middle east, what happen here regarding aromatherapy

An Arab physician called Avicenna( ( ad980-1037) wrote books on the subject of plants and their effects on the body. he is also thought to have invented the first distillation method for extracting aromatic oils from plants, rose being the first


Medieval times

The plague regularly swept Europe with devastating consequences, bonfires of aromatic woods would be lit to purify the air, doctors often wore nose bags of aromatic herbs to kill germs. such as cinnamon and cloves


who was a chemist, and by accident found out that lavender was found to heal and prevent scarring?

Rene-Maurice Gattefosse


Rene-Maurice Gattefosse, did what regarding aromatherapy in 1928

wrote his first book called Aromatherapie the first time this term had been used


who during the 1940's and 50's was a surgeon in the army and had used essential oils to treat injured soldiers in the second world war and later used oils to help mentally disturbed patients in psychiatric hospitals, and also published "the practice of Aromatherapy" in 1964

Dr Jean Valnet


who brought aromatherapy to England, and incorporated the use of oils with massage.

Madame Marguerite Maury