Exam 5: Late Adulthood

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1

____________________ occurs between the ages of 65 to death. It is the time of human development in which many signs of aging appear.

Late Adulthood

2

_________________ are social scientists who study biological, psychological, and sociological aspects of aging.

Gerontologists

3

The scientific study of old age is called?

gerontology

4

____________ is a form of prejudice in which people are categorized and judged solely on the basis of their chronological age.

Ageism

5

__________________ is the rude and condescending way many younger people talk to the elderly.

Elderspeak

6

They are the largest group in the United States (about 70%) of older adults. They are usually healthy, active, financially secure and independent. They range from ages 60-75.

Young-Old

7

A group which suffers losses in the body, mind, or social support, although the maintain independence, caring for other people as well as themselves (about 20%). They range from ages 75-85.

Old-Old

8

A group who are dependent and at risk for illnesses and injury, unable to live safely alone (about 10%). They are individuals over the age of 85.

Oldest-Old

9

The ___________________ is a calculation of the number of self-sufficient, productive adults compared with the number of dependents (children and the elderly) in a given population.

Dependency Ratio

10

_________________ is “universal” and “irreversible” signs of aging that effect all living creatures as they grow older.

Primary Aging

11

__________________ are specific illnesses or conditions that become more common with aging and result from poor health habits, genetic vulnerability, and other influences that vary from person to person.

Secondary Aging

12

The six risk factors for _______________ were: diabetes, smoking, abdominal fat, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, and high cholesterol.

Cardiovascular Disease

13

___________________ impair the body’s absorption of iron, calcium, and vitamin K.

Antibiotics

14

The practice of limiting dietary energy intake, while still consuming sufficient quantities of vitamins, minerals, and other important nutrients, for the purpose of improving health and slowing down the aging process.

Calorie Restriction

15

________________ is a shift in proportions of the populations of various ages

...

16

An example of macrosystem compensation would be _______________.

driving

17

The virtue of old age, according to Erikson is ____________, which implies wholeness.

wisdom