Ch 27- Acid Balance

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1

Proteins, Enzymes, Plasma membranes

pH level affects (3)

2

Biochemical reaction

pH affects ALL of these

3

Alkalosis

blood pH higher than 7.45

4

7.7

when is pH blood content critical for alkalosis?

5

Acidosis

arterial pH falls below 7.35

6

6.8

when is pH blood content critical for acidosis?

7

C02

carbon dioxide

8

H2C03

carbonate acid

9

HCO3

bicarbonate

10

Bicarbonate HC03

ion secreted by the pancreas to neutralize stomach in the intestine

11

Weak

carbonate acid is a ____ acid (bond)

12

Carbonate Acid H2C03

important blood bluffer, dissolved form hangs out in blood plasma reacts with H+ for CO2

13

slow

C02 reaction is a _____ process

14

Lungs

Carbon-dioxide + water reacts in the _____

15

Volatile Acid

an acid that can leave solution and enter the atmosphere

16

*CO2 + H2O = H2CO3 = H + HCO3 *

Carbon-dioxide + water chain

17

Carbonic Anhydrase

carbonate acid is spontaneous but faster with ___ ___

18

RBCs, Liver, Kidney, Parietal cells

where do carbonic anhydrase reside (4)

19

Fixed Acid

an acid that does not leave a solution

20

Fixed Acid

an acid generated by amino acid catabolism (break apart)

21

Sulfuric and Phosphoric

fixed acid are generated by these 2 amino acid through catabolism

22

Lactic and Ketone bodies

2 organic acid

23

Lactic

this organic acids is generated during *anaerobic* respiration

24

Ketone bodies

this organic acid is generated during excessive lipid catabolism

25

Excessive Lipid Catabolism

ketone bodies are from during ____ _____ _____.