The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe
"The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe
What does the story's title mean?
The story's title refers to the beating heart that eventually drives the narrator to confess his crime. The reader is led to believe it is the beating of the old man's heart he hears, an impossibility, considering the old man has been murdered and dismembered, leaving three possibilities: (1) the narrator is insane; (2) the narrator feels guilt over the crime and hears his own heart; (3) both.
The narrator claims he is not mad. What evidence do we have that he is?
(1) He murders an old man because of his "vulture eye"; (2) He hears sounds from hell; (3) He dismembers the dead man's corpse; (4) He hears the beating of a dead man's heart; (5) He is paranoid; (6) He is "nervous–very, very dreadfully nervous."
What does the narrator do with the dead man's body?
The narrator dismembers the body and carefully places it under a few floor boards in the old man's room. He's confident that his crime will not be discovered, even inviting the investigator to sit on a chair directly above the dead body.
Why does the narrator want to kill the old man?
I'll let him tell you: "Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eye! yes, it was this!" (172). Okay.
The narrator visits the old man's bedroom every night for seven nights before killing him on the eighth night. What finally causes him to commit the act?
He hears the old man's heart. The narrator says, "It was the beating of the old man's heart. It increased my fury, as the beating of a drum stimulates the soldier into rage…the hellish tattoo of the heart increased. It grew quicker and quicker, and louder and louder every instant…I thought the heart must burst. And now a new anxiety seized me–the sound would be heard by a neighbor! The old man's hour had come!" (174-5). Okay.
The two controlling symbols in the story are the eye and the heart. What might these two symbols represent?
The old man's eye is "pale blue, with a film over it," indicating a lack of visual clarity and reliability. In this sense the eye symbolizes the narrator insomuch that all the information we receive comes through his distorted mind, much in the same way everything the old man sees is filtered through his distorted eye. Furthermore, the story is told through the narrator's perspective, who claims his actions are on account of the distorted eye, which suggests the point of view is literally and symbolically filtered through the old man's eye. Traditionally the heart symbolizes the emotional center of the individual. In "The Tell-Tale Heart," it symbolizes the narrator's guilt.
Give examples of how Poe creates suspense in the story?
(1) Foreshadowing – "I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I killed him." (172). Pacing – the narrator describes the murder over several pages; (3) Dangerous Action – the narrator invites the police officer to sit directly above the dead body.