Vocabulary Practice

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1

Organ Reserve

The extra capacity of lungs, heart, and other organs to respond to particularly demanding situations shows the first signs of decline, but with no effect on normal activities.

2

Life Expectancy

A statistical estimate of the probable number of years remaining in the life of an individual based on the likelihood that members of a particular birth cohort will die at various ages.

3

Osteoporosis

The degeneration of the bone that affects an estimated one in three postmenopausal women.

4

Morbidity

The number of cases of disease.

5

Climacteric

A reduction in sex hormone production.

6

Primary Aging

Normal age-related changes that everyone experiences, such as menopause in women and similar hormonal changes in men.

7

Hypertrophy

The increase in the volume of an organ or tissue.

8

Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ERT)

The taking of replacement estrogen.

9

Mortality

The number of deaths.

10

Secondary Aging

Pathological aging or the effects of illness or disease on the body due to environmental exposure or health-compromising behaviors.

11

Hysterectomy

The surgical removal of the uterus.

12

Oophorectomy

The surgical removal of the ovaries.

13

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

The taking of a combination of estrogen and progestin (artificial progesterone).