Unit 2 The Making 1876-

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Give Me Liberty!
Chapters 4-8
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1

Ordered the Great Expulsion of the Acadians

William Shirley

2

The alliance of Britain with King Frederick the Great of Prussia in 1756 signaled Britain's readiness

To Challenge France around the world

3

Edward Braddock

was buried by his staff,including Washington and Gage

4

Failed as Commander in Chief, North America and was recalled

Earl of Loudoun

5

Was installed as Secretary of State in 1757

William Pitt

6

Led Voltaire to mock the British government

John Byng's death

7

Might have prevented the American Revolution

The Albany Plan of Union

8

Managed British relations with the Iroquois

William Johnson

9

May been the result of rash behavior by the young Washington

The surrender of Fort Necessity

10

Probably encouraged Duquesne to move faster towards the Three Rivers Fork

George Washington's mission to Fort Le Bouef

11

Both wolfe and Montcalm were killed

At the Battle of Quebec

12

Was the grandson of King George II

King George III

13

Has shaped the political ideas of King George III

The Earl of Bute

14

Could not be carried by a frontal assault

The city of Quebec

15

Radical Whigs in Britain and MErica regarded King George III as

A threat to the legacy of the Glorious Revolution

16

The first British governor of Quebec was

Jeffery Amherst

17

A major event of the Annus Mirabilis in North America was

securing control of Lake Champlaoin

18

The fortress of Louisbourg

was captured by the forces of Amherst and Boscawen

19

The idea of a Patriot King

was associated with the desire to decrease the power of politicians

20

General James Abercrombie

was defeated at Fort Carillon and relieved of command

21

The Stamp Act of 1765

taxed legal documents and printed material

22

Isaac Barre called Americans true born sons of liberty

to warn Parliament against passaged of the Stamp Act

23

The Sons of Liberty

were secret societies which defied British authority

24

Otis Taxation without Representation is Tyranny meant that

the legitimacy of a tax depends on how authorized it

25

The Treaty of Paris signed in 1763

ended the French and Indian War

26

Pontiac's Rebellion

prompted King George III to issue the Proclamation of 1763

27

When King George III acceded to the throne

He drove the Whig Party from power

28

James Otis argument in Paxton's Case

attacked the principle of Parliamentary Supremacy

29

The Proclamation of 1763

violated many of the Colonial Charters, according to the colonists

30

The Declaration of Rights composed at the Stamp Act Congress

emphasized that Americans were loyal British subjects

31

The Circular Letter was

written by Samuel Adams and adopted by the Massachusetts Assembly

32

The new government led by the Duke of Grafton

was intended by th eking to divide his enemies

33

The Liberty Riot

forced the customs officers to flee in fear of their lives

34

John Hancock was

merchant and a smuggler who led the Sons of Liberty

35

The Townshend Acts

taxed colonial trade

36

The Declaratory Act of 1766

reaffirmed the right of Parliament to tax the colonies

37

Rockingham and his colleagues believed that

the Stamp Act had been ill conceived but not wrong in principle

38

The Stamp Act was repealed in 1766 because

British business had been hurt by the American boycott

39

The Earl of Hillsborough

ordered British troops to Boston

40

General Thomas Gage

supervised the deployment of British troopis in Boston

41

The Boston Massacre

was provoked by the harassment directed at Hugh White, the sentry on duty

42

Lord North

was a British aristocrat who led a government of the King's Friends

43

In the immediate aftermath of the Boston Massacre

most Americans still insisted on their loyalty to the King

44

During 1768-1770, the practice of moonlighting in Boston

allowed British soldiers to supplement their low wages

45

Governor Joseph Wanton

helped assure that Joseph Bucklin and others were never arrested or tried

46

The Quartering Act of 1765

was implemented in Boston by General Gage

47

Benjamin Franklin,during his years in London

came to see the fruitlessness of convincing British leaders to accept American views

48

The Committees of Correspondence

were founded in all thirteen colonies in 1772-1774

49

The Earl of Dartmouth

was Colonial Secretary after the Earl of Hillsborough

50

John Adams

employed the defense of Thomas Preston to rally Patriot sentiment in America

51

Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense

called for independence just as American were ready to listen to the call

52

At the Second Continental Congress in 1775

George Washington was named Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army

53

When Thomas Gage asked the Earl of Dartmouth for more troops

his request was refused

54

The Declaration of Independence

mixed conservative and radical ideas

55

Dartmouth and Gage were replaced by

Germain and Howe

56

Governor Thomas Hutchinson

was foiled by the Sons of Liberty in the Boston Tea Party and lost his job

57

Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith

commanded at Lexington and Concord

58

The Continental Congress of 1774

formed the Continental Association in response to the Coercive Acts

59

The Coercive Acts of 1774

formed the Continental Association in response to the Coercive Acts

60

The goals of the Tea Act were

to help the East India Company and end tea smuggling in America

61

Horatio Gates

hoped to replace Washington as Commander in Chief

62

The Battle of Brandywine

led to the fall of Philadelphia

63

In December 1776, William Howe's advance towards Philadelphiswas halted because

of his decision to move his troops into winter quarters

64

All of the following were foreign volunteers who served with the Continental Armey EXCEPT

Rochambeau

65

The Battle of Guilford Court House

forced Cornwallis to retreat towards Yorktown

66

George Germain's plan of war for 1777 assumed

the rcooperation of Burgoyne and Howe

67

Cornwallis defeat at Yorktown

was inescapable after Admiral Graves had been turned back

68

When Benjamin Franklin first arrived in Paris

the French government refused any official contact

69

The senior commanders of American forces in the Southern campaign included

Lincoln,Gates and Greene

70

Loyalists who left the U.S. in 1784

were often harassed and maltreated

71

The resignation of Lord North as First Lord was caused by

parliament's frustration after Cornwallis surrender

72

The Articles fo Confederation

described the United States as a perpetual alliance

73

After the Treaty of Paris had been signed , the Congress was unable to enforce the treaty provision

on debt repayment of British business

74

The trade depression of the 1780s

greatly effected the cities and plantations

75

The American delegation at the Paris peace conference included the following men EXCEPT

Thomas Jefferson

76

The main inducement by Britain to the American delegation to make peace without the French was

the offer of land in the West

77

The Newburgh Address

was Washinton's efforttot prevent a military coup

78

During the 1780s , the debts owed by the Unite States to French and Dutch bankers

went unpaid

79

The signing of the three Treaties of Paris on September 3,1783 included all of the following EXCEPT

the Netherlands

80

The Annapolis Conference

ended with a call by six states for a Constitutional Convention

81

The main principles of the Constitution were

Constitutionalism, Federalism and the Sepaartaion of Powerws

82

The concept of a mixed republic

reflected the influence of ancient Greek writers

83

The Ratification of the Constitution

was carried out by elected bodies of delegates

84

Vermont

was refused admittance to her Continental Congress

85

The Land Ordinance of 1785

set a pattern for the United States to expand westward

86

The Mount Vernon Conference

settled a dispute between Maryland and Virginia

87

Shay's Rebellion

was shocking because of the role of Continental Army veterans

88

George Washington could not hold New York in 1776 because

British troops could move by ship and outmaneuver him

89

The launching of the Federal government in 1789

occurred in the face of widespread skepticism and opposition

90

The secrecy of the Constitutional Convention

suggests that the delegates were afraid of public opinion