Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, Amides

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1

alkaloids

Physiologically active amines that are produced in plants

2

amides

Organic compounds containing the carbonyl group attached to an amino group or a substituted nitrogen atom

3

amines

Organic compounds containing a nitrogen atom attached to one, two, or three hydrocarbon groups

4

amine salt

An ionic compound produced from an amine and an acid

5

carboxyl group

A functional group found in carboxylic acids composed of carbonyl and hydroxyl groups

6

carboxylate ion

The anion produced when a carboxylic acid donates a proton to water

7

carboxylic acids

A family of organic compounds containing the carboxyl group

8

carboxylate salt

A carboxylate ion and the metal ion from the base that is the product of neutralization of a carboxylic acid

9

esterification

The formation of an ester from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol, with the elimination of a molecule of water in the presence of an acid catalyst

10

esters

A family of organic compounds in which an alkyl group replaces the hydrogen atom in a carboxylic acid

11

hydrolysis

The splitting of a molecule by the addition of water. Ester hydrolyze to produce a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. Amides yield the corresponding carboxylic acid and amine or their salts

12

saponification

The hydrolysis of an ester with a strong base to produce a salt of the carboxylic acid and an alcohol