Anatomy of the Sacred: Religion Chp 8 Flashcards


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1

Cosmogony

creation story

2

Cosmology

character of the cosmos

3

Re-Atun

Hindu sun god and creator god, self created.

4

According to Hindu mythology, the world came into being when...

Re-Atun sneezed and created the first pair of male/female gods

5

Kojiki

"Records of Ancient Matter" (712 ad) Japanese myth of creation by sexual union

6

Nihongi

"Chronicles of Japan" (720 ad) describes male/female principles forming a great egg

7

Izanagi

"the male who invites"

8

Izanami

"the female who invites"
Izanagi and Izanami are found in the 8th generation of gods

9

Amaterasu

sun goddess, giver of life, source of emperors. Said to come from the left eye of Isanagi

10

Enume Elish

Babylonian creation epic, 2nd millenium bc

11

How does the Babylonian creation myth begin?

With three elements of watery chaos.

12

The three elements of Babylonian creation

Apsu - fresh water
Ti'amat - salt water
Mumme - mist, son of Apsu and Ti'amat

13

Marduk

majestic "son of earth"

14

How does Taoism describe cosmogony?

as an "uncarved block"

15

What are the two polar opposites in Taoism?

Chaos (nonbeing) and Cosmos (being) that function in harmony, similar to yin and yang

16

Opposing traits of Chaos

Monster and instigator of creativity

17

Nous

The Supreme Mind that does not create but sets matter in motion. Anaxagorus

18

Demiurge

Plato's concept of a persuasive creative power working on disordered stubborn material.

19

Demiurge also described as ..

Divine Craftsman

20

The Forms

coeternal reality that gives shape to creation by the Demiurge. Describes God/Demiurge as somewhat limited by the Forms.

21

In Plato's theory, cosmos is a mixture of...

necessity and reason

22

Three writers in Genesis

Priestly (P) - Genesis 1-2:4, middle of 5th c bc
Jahwist (J) - Genesis 2:5-25, from Judah
Elohist (E) - Genesis 2:5-25, from Israel

23

One religion that considered cosmogony irrelevant

Jainism

24

Anthropic Principle

Intelligent Design