Polarity and Abbreviations of Amino Acids

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
53 views
Grade levels:
6th grade, 7th grade, 8th grade, 9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade, College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

ala

alanine

2

arg

arginine

3

asn

asparagine

4

asp

aspartate

5

cys

cysteine

6

glu

glutamate

7

gln

glutamine

8

gly

glycine

9

his

histidine

10

ile

isoleucine

11

leu

leucine

12

lys

lysine

13

met

methionine

14

phe

phenylalanine

15

pro

proline

16

ser

serine

17

thr

threonine

18

trp

tryptophan

19

tyr

tyrosine

20

val

valine

21

polarity of alanine

nonpolar

22

polarity of arginine

polar

23

polarity of asparagine

polar

24

polarity of aspartate

polar

25

polarity of cysteine

nonpolar

26

polarity of glutamate

polar

27

polarity of glutamine

polar

28

polarity of glycine

nonpolar

29

polarity of histidine

polar

30

polarity of isoleucine

nonpolar

31

polarity of leucine

nonpolar

32

polarity of lysine

polar

33

polarity of methionine

nonpolar

34

polarity of phenylalanine

nonpolar

35

polarity of porline

nonpolar

36

polarity of serine

polar

37

polarity of threonine

polar

38

polarity of tryptophan

nonpolar

39

polarity of tyrosine

polar

40

polarity of valine

nonpolar

41

ph of alanine

neutral

42

ph of arginine

basic (strongly)

43

ph of asparagine

neutral

44

ph of aspartate

acid

45

ph of cysteine

neutral

46

ph of glutamate

acidic

47

ph of histidine

basic (weakly)

48

ph of lysine

basic

49

3 amino acids that are basic

arginine, lysine, histidine

50

2 amino acids that are acidic

glutamate and aspartate

51

Building blocks of nucleic acids

nucleotides

52

building blocks of complex carbohydrates

simple sugars

53

building blocks of lipids

fatty acids

54

amino acids incorporated in proteins are of the D or L configuration...

L

55

what amino acid is actually and imino acid

proline

56

what amino acids are aromatic...

phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan

57

what two amino acids contain sulfur

cysteine and methionine

58

what are the two hydroxy-containing amino acids

serine and threonine

59

glycine is not asymetric...T or F

True

60

which amino acids have asymmetry in their side chains....

isoleucine and threonine

61

if the ph<pKa, the amino acid in question is.....

protonated

62

in an amino group is unprotonated the ph is greater or less than the pKa

greater

63

pKa is the measure of what....

proton binding strength

64

conjugate acid refers to what....

the protonated form, when a base associates with a proton

65

conjugate base refers to what....

the unprotonated form, when an acid release a proton

66

what is the range of the pKa for an acid

between 3 and 5

67

what is the range of the pKa for a base

between 8 and 10

68

what amino acids have polar uncharged side chains....

asparagine, glutamine, serine, cysteine, threonine, proline

69

what amino acids are nonpolar with hydrophobic side chains...

tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, methionine

70

what are the essential amino acids

arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine

71

what essential amino acids are branched**

valine, isoleucine, histidine, arginine, leucine, lysine**

72

what pneumonic helps to remember the essential amino acids....

PVT TIM HALL

73

two aromatic essential amino acids

phenylalanine and tyrosine

74

how many myoglobins does take to make a hemoglobin...

4

75

what is needed for oxygen to bind to hemoglobin

Fe, iron

76

how many oxygens can hemoglobin bind to...

6

77

how many oxygens can myoglobin bind to...

4

78

who has a higer affinity for binding to oxygen, myoglobin or hemoglobin...

myoglobin

79

what structure does the hemoglobin mainly consist of....

alpha helixl

80

what it the relationship between oxygen and HbO2

directly proportional

81

what is the relationship between the affinity for oxygen of Hb and salt bridges....

inversely proportional

82

bisphosphoglycerate are not present in infants....T or F

True

83

what amino acid is hydrophobic and can form a hydrogen bond with other polar side chains...

tyrosine

84

electrostatic bonds

formed between two charged groups, can be repulsive or attractive, depending on whether the interacting charges are of the same or the opposite sign

85

van der waals bonds

formed by the complementray partial charges or dipoles that are induced in the electron densities of adjacent atoms when the electronic orbitals of the two atoms approach to a close distance

86

hydrophobic bonds

formed when 2 hydrophobic side chind approach each other in such a way as to exlude water between them. The strength of hydrophobic bonds are not due to some intrinsic attraction of the nonpolar groups to each other

87

peptide bonds are always trans...T or F, and why....

true because of steric hinderence