Sputum Bowl 2019 Pathology

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created 5 months ago by Sam_HofstetterZimmer
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updated 4 months ago by Sam_HofstetterZimmer
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pathology
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1

What occurs when air escapes from the thorax and enters the subcutaneous tissue?

Crepitus (subcutaneous emphysema)

2

Where do your thumbs meet during chest excursion?

Midline at about the T-8 to T-10 level

3

Under normal condition, the Raw in the tracheobronchial tree is what?

About 1.0 to 2.0 cm H20/L/sec

4

What does an increase in airway resistance do the patient’s ventilatory rate and tidal volume?

Ventilatory rate decreases while tidal volume increases

5

What function does the aortic and carotid sinus baroreceptors have?

They can decrease the heart rate and ventilatory rate with an increased system blood pressure and vice versa.

6

Another word for cor-pulmonale?

Right heart failure

7

Interpret this ABG: pH 7.34 CO2 28 HCO3 18 PaCO2 80?

Partially compensated metabolic alkalosis with normal oxygenation

8

What factors increase DO2?

Increase of CO, hg concentration, and oxygen saturation

9

What does the BODE index do?

Evaluates the patient’s extrapulmonary manifestations associated with COPD more closely

10

PEFR monitoring at home is based on the patient’s what?

Their personal best values

11

What a Type A COPD?

Emphysema

12

What disease process is associated with chronic dilation and distortion of bronchial airways, excessive production of often foul-smelling sputum, and atelectasis?

Bronchiectasis

13

What antibiotic can be used to treat P. aeruginosa?

TOBI (tobramycin)

14

Mycoplasma pneumonia is commonly seen in what age group?

Children

15

What are the initial lesions in TB called?

Ghon nodules

16

What disease travels to other sites throughout the body by means of the bloodstream or lymphatic system?

Disseminated TB

17

What is the most common cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema?

Left-sided heart failure or CHF

18

Name an afterload reducer

Enalapril, captopril, or Nitroprusside

19

This treatment uses thigh-high cuffs that automatically inflate every few minutes to massage and compress the veins in the patient’s legs. What is it called?

Pneumatic compression