Religion Chp 7

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created 11 years ago by mmc223
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Grade levels:
College: Fourth year
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religion, concepts
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1

polytheism

belief in many gods

2

monarchial polytheism

many gods with a hierarchy

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henotheism

many gods exist but only one is to be worshipped

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Religious stance of the Hebrews until after the time of Moses

henotheistic

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dualism

world created and maintained by two coequal and coeternal sacred powers

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pantheism

all existing things are in some sense divine.

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Religious stance of the Stoics

pantheistic, identified one sacred being, the Logos, with either either or fire

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monism

Everything is God and there is only one God

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panentheism

God is in all, all is in God

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Elements of panentheism are found in ...

the three Abrahamic faiths

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sky-god

earliest idea of god, found in almost all cultures, represented a father figure

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earth-goddess

concept began when agriculture began, in Neolithic times. Earth-goddess represented fertility, a mother figure

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cult of Isis-Osiris

theme of death and rebirth, predominant in Roman period up to 6th century ad

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Tammuz-Ishtar

celebrates cycle of seasons, associated with the earth goddess (Mesopotamia)

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Difference between Persian and Chinese dualism

Persian - the 2 forces are eternally in conflict
Chinese - the 2 forces are balance and not in conflict

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Sakti

Hindu word for energy, also used to represent female concept of deity

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Kali

AKA Durga, represents creation, protection, destruction, and life after death

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Brahman

Supreme One

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Atman

soul or inner self, much discussion in Hinduism about the relationship between Brahman and Atman

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Vedanta

Hindu school of thought that rejects dualism

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Sankara

(788-820 ad) taught that the Ultimate has no attributes, is inconceivable

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Maya

illusion of phenomenal world. Real knowledge of the One and the many not possible.

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Example used to illustrate maya

Seeing a rope at dusk and thinking it a snake

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Yin

Chinese representation of the feminine principle, illustrated by a broken line

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Yang

Chinese representation of the male principle, illustrated by a straight unbroken line

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I-Ching

diagrams illustrate how nature and human nature operated by an interplay of masculine and feminine forces

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Gnosticism

Rivaled Christianity in the 1st-2nd century ad, amalgamation of Jewish, Christian, and pagan thought

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4 features of gnosticism

highly dualistic
world created by an inferior god, sometimes described as Yahweh
salvation required pursuit of secret knowledge
encouraged rejection of the material world

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Manicheanism

combined Gnostic Christianity, Zoroastrianism and Greek philosophy (originated in Mesopotamia, 3rd c ad)

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Major principle of manichaeanism

Human souls tainted by mixture of forces of light and darkness

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Prominent Christian thinker who was a Manichaean before conversion

St Augustine

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anthropomorphism

tendency to think of God in too human terms