Redox Reactions

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created 8 years ago by chemistry_goo
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1

Nitrates (NO₃⁻)

Soluble

2

Most salts containing alkali metal ions and ammonium (Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Cs⁺, Rb⁺, NH₄⁺)

Soluble

3

Chloride, bromide, and iodide salts

Soluble

4

Salts containing Ag⁺, Pb⁺², and Hg₂⁺²

Not soluble

5

Sulfate salts

Soluble

6

Exceptions to sulfate rule

BaS0₄, HgSO₄, PbSO₄, and CaSO₄

7

Hydroxide salts

Slightly soluble

8

Important soluble hydroxides

NaOH and KOH

9

Marginally soluble hydroxides

Ba(OH)₂, Sr(OH)₂, and Ca(OH)₂

10

Sulfide (S²⁻) salts

Slightly soluble

11

Carbonate (CO₃²⁻) salts

Slightly soluble

12

Chromate (CrO₄²⁻⁻) salts

Slightly soluble

13

Phosphate (PO₄³⁻) salts

Slightly soluble

14

HCl

Hydrochloric acid
Strong acid

15

HBr

Hydrobromic acid
Strong acid

16

HI

Hydroiodic acid
Strong acid

17

HClO₃

Chloric acid
Strong acid

18

HClO₄

Perchloric acid
Strong acid

19

HNO₃

Nitric acid
Strong acid

20

H₂SO₄

Sulfuric acid
Strong acid

21

Group 1A metal hydroxides

LiOH, NaOH, KOH, RbOH, and CsOH
Strong bases

22

Heavy group 2A metal hydroxides

Ca(OH)₂, Sr(OH)₂, and Ba(OH)₂
Strong Bases

23

NH₂⁻

Strong base

24

NH₃

Weak base

25

HC₂H₃O₂

Weak acid

26

C₆H₁₂

Nonelectrolyte

27

Miscible

Substances that will dissolve\blend
polar-ionic
polar-polar
nonpolar-nonpolar

28

Immiscible

Substances that will not blend
nonpolar-polar

29

Electrolyte

A compound, that when dissolved in water, can conduct electricity

30

Molarity

Moles of solute per liter of solution

31

Acid

A proton donor

32

Base

A proton acceptor

33

Redox (oxidation-reduction) reaction

Reactions in which one or more electrons are transferred

34

Oxidation

Lose electrons

35

Reduction

Gains electrons