Anatomy of the Sacred: Religion Chp 5 Flashcards


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1

Vedas

Hindu Scripture, meant to be read in Sanskrit

2

Sruti and Smirti in Hindu oral tradition

"what is heard"
"What is remembered"

3

Qu'ran

Islamic scripture, meant to be read in Arabic.

4

Why is a translation of the Qu'ran considered an interpretation?

The Qu'ran in Arabic is considered the actual words of God

5

Hadith

sayings and teachings of Mohammed

6

Hebrew Bible

Meant to be read in Hebrew.

7

Written Torah

Five books of Moses (Pentateuch)

8

Oral Torah

commentary on Torah

9

Canon

scriptures approved by some governing body

10

Four Books, from the Confucian canon of the Sung dynasty

Analects
Mencius
Great Learning
Doctrine of the Mean

11

Five Classics, from the Confucian canon of the Han dynasty (older than the Four Books)

I-Ching (Book of Changes)
Book of Poetry
Book of History
Book of Rites
Spring and Autumn Annals

12

scripture

written sacred text that usually evolved from oral tradition

13

Logos

"The Word"

14

Icon

object or image said to possess miraculous power

15

Septuagint

Jewish scriptures translated from Hebrew to Greek but later excluded from the Hebrew Bible.

16

Apocryphal Books in the Septuagint

The Wisdom of Solomon
Ecclesiaticus
Judith
I and II Maccabees
and others

17

Vulgate

St Jerome's Latin translation of the Septuagint

18

When did the Catholic Church approve the Vulgate?

Council of Trent, 1546

19

Why did the Protestant movement reject the Apocryphal books?

Because they were excluded from the Hebrew Bible

20

Hermeneutics

study of interpretations

21

Guru Granth Sahib

High Holy Book of Sikh ritual

22

Buddhist Dharma

the act of teaching is thought to have authoritative and enlightening power beyond the actual text that is taught

23

Four Reliances:
Dharma (doctrine) is the refuge, not the ...

man (Gautama Buddha)

24

The meaning is the refuge, not the ...

letter

25

Sutras which are .... are the refuge

Direct

26

Direct intuition is the refuge, not....

discursive thought

27

Fourfold Method of Biblical Interpretation

Any passage may be interpreted as literal, allegorical, moral or anagogical

28

Anagogical

Eschatological

29

The fourfold method of Biblical Interpretation was popular during the ...

Middle Ages

30

Sola Scriptura

Lutheran doctrine holds Scripture as truthful over church tradition, and literal/historical meanings are to be explores before moving on to allegorical or anagogical.