Biology 1st Semester Final
Parts of an Experiment #1
Quantitative and/or qualitative _______ must be recorded daily for any experiment
Parts of an Experiment #2
A ________ is an explanation based upon one's observations
Parts of an Experiment #3
Identify the manipulated and responding variables: Five different plants are given varying amounts of water for five days. Each day, the height of the plants are recorded.
Parts of an Experiment #4
Identify the manipulated and responding variables: The average height of 70 species of trees was recorded, along with the average number of bird's nests in each tree. It was found that the number of bird's nests increased as tree height increased.
Parts of an Experiment #5
Identify the manipulated and responding variables: Varying amounts of chocolate was given to 15 teachers. It was found that the amount of homework given decreased as the amount of chocolate increased.
Parts of an Experiment #6
Identify the manipulated and responding variables: When calcium is given, bone strength increased.
Parts of an Experiment #7
In a controlled experiment, only ______ variable is changed at a time.
Characteristics of Living Things #1
Identify the characteristic being described: An amoeba is a unicellular organism.
Characteristics of Living Things #2
Identify the characteristic being described: Green plants produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis.
Characteristics of Living Things #3
Identify the characteristic being described: A baby songbird hatches from its egg with both parent songbirds watching.
Characteristics of Living Things #4
Identify the characteristic being described: As a sea worm is placed in fresh water, its pulse slows down in order for the worm to conserve energy.
Characteristics of Living Things #5
An adult hydra is producing its offspring through budding.
Characteristics of Living Things #6
Glycolysis --> Kreb's Cycle --> Electron Transport Chain (Hint: What is the goal of Cellular Respiration?)
Characteristics of Living Things #7
Someone shivers and the muscles contract and shake
Metric System #1
70 cm = __________ m
Metric System #2
14.592 m = __________ km
Metric System #3
7634 cg = ___________ g
Metric System #4
12.9 km = __________ mm
Metric System #5
49 cm = ____________mm
Metric System #6
8.7 L = ___________ mL
Metric System #7
8000 g = __________ kg
Subatomic Particles #1
Identify the three particles that make up the atom, their charges, and their location within the atom.
Subatomic Particles #2
The number of protons an atom has is determined by the atom's __________________
Subatomic Particles #3
Atomic Mass = _______________ + _______________
Subatomic Particles #4
Name the element which has the following subatomic particles: 26 electrons, 29 neutrons, and 26 protons
Subatomic Particles #5
Determine the number of neutrons barium (Ba) has. (Round the atomic mass to the closest whole number)
Subatomic Particles #6
An atom has 53 protons. Determine the following: element symbol, # of electrons, and # of neutrons.
Subatomic Particles #7
Determine the following for potassium (K): # of electrons, # of protons, and # of neutrons
Water is a (polar/nonpolar) molecule? Explain what it means...
The pH scale indicates the concentration of _____ ions in the solution.
Solutions with a pH greater than 7 has more ______ ions.
Solutions that have a pH of less than 7 are called __________.
Which of the following has MORE H+ ions?
pH of 4 or pH of 6
Typically, _________________ products are bases.
Strong bases have a pH between _________
Which is bigger, "poly" or "mono"?
A monosaccharide is a single ___________
The monomer of proteins are called __________
What is the main function of carbohydrates?
Give an example of a lipid.
Nucleotide is the monomer for....
Which of the three macromolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, or nucleic acids) is responsible for coding your genetic information?
Organelle Functions #1
These are specialized vacuoles that contain cellular digestive enzymes used to break down worn-out cell parts and digest proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.
Organelle Functions #2
This is the liquid-like substance that fills the cell and is where the organelles are located.
Organelle Functions #3
Powerhouse of the cell and has its own DNA.
Organelle Functions #4
Has ribosomes attached to its surface and its main function is protein production.
Organelle Functions #5
Can be thought of as the brain of the cell. Contains the majority of the cell's DNA.
Organelle Functions #6
The membranous storage sacs within the cell. Contains mostly water.
Organelle Functions #7
Packages, modifies, and ships materials out in vacuoles to be used within the cell or in other cells.
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #1
Which type of cell is larger and more complex?
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #2
Bacteria is composed of what type of cell?
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #3
Identify at least TWO organisms that are eukaryotic.
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #4
List TWO similarities that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells have. YOU CANNOT SAY THAT THEY ARE BOTH CELLS!
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #5
List TWO differences that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell have.
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #6
Identify the three components of the cell theory.
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic #7
Who was the first person to coin the term "cells?"
Cellular Transport #1
Which form(s) of membrane transport goes WITH the concentration gradient?
Cellular Transport #2
Which form(s) of membrane transport require(s) the use of energy?
Cellular Transport #3
Which form(s) of membrane transport require(s) a protein channel?
Cellular Transport #4
Compare/Contrast facilitated diffusion and active transport.
Cellular Transport #5
What is the term used to describe the transport of water across a membrane?
Cellular Transport #6
Water enters the cell because there is a greater solute concentration in the cell, causing it to swell. Is this an example of isotonic, hypertonic, or hypotonic?
Cellular Transport #7
Water will move to where there is a __________ solute concentration.
The light-dependent reactions occur in the ____________ of the chloroplast.
In order for photosynthesis to occur, __________ must be absorbed.
What are the molecules called that absorb light?
List the reactants and the products of the light-dependent reactions.
The Calvin cycle occurs in the _________ of the chloroplast.
List the reactants and products of the Calvin cycle.
These two molecules are cycled between the light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle. They are known as electron carriers.
Write the equation for photosynthesis.
Cellular Respiration #1
Write the equation for cellular respiration.
Cellular Respiration #2
Glycolysis occurs in the ___________ of the cell.
Cellular Respiration #3
List the reactants and products of glycolysis.
Cellular Respiration #4
If oxygen is not present, muscle cells will undergo __________________________
Cellular Respiration #5
During lactic acid fermentation, pyruvic acid is broken down into __________________
Cellular Respiration #6
During fermentation, ___________ is constantly recycled.