Unit 8: Moles, Acids, & Bases (Science)
Property of an acid or base? - tastes sour
Property of an acid or base? - produces H+ ions in water
Property of an acid or base? - turns blue litmus paper to red
Property of an acid or base? - keeps phenolthalein colorless
Property of an acid or base? - reacts with metals producing hydrogen gas
Property of an acid or base? - produces OH- ions in water
Property of an acid or base? - bitter/chalky taste
Property of an acid or base? - turns phenolthalein pink
Property of an acid or base? - feels soapy/slippery
Property of an acid or base? - turns red litmus paper to blue
What do acid formulas generally contain?
What do base formulas generally contain?
one which has a small amount of acid dissolved in a large amount of water (small molarity)
one which has a larger amount of acid dissolved in a smaller amount of water (large molarity)
a compound which changes color to show the presence of an acid or base
property of eating or wearing away metals
a compound that gives off hydrogen ions in water
a compound that forms hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
What kind of reaction occurs when an acid reacts with metals?
Which number on the pH scale is neutral?
If the number is lower than a seven on the pH scale, what is it considered?
if the number is higher than a seven on the pH scale, what is it considered?
a solution that is neither acidic nor basic (ex. water)
special type of double replacement reaction; reaction between an acid and base to form salt and water
a compound containing the metal ion from a base and the nonmetal ion from an acid
homogenous mixture of two or more mixtures
substance being dissolved (ex. salt)
substance doing the dissolving (ex. water)
the dissolving process
a solution which can dissolve additional solute
a solution which can not absorb additional solute (no more can fit in)
a solution which is saturated at a higher temperature. it now contains more solute dissolved in the solution that it could normally hold
maximum grams of solute that will dissolve in 100g of solvent at a given temperature (varies with temp: based on a saturated solution)